2021 AMC 10B Problems/Problem 2

Revision as of 22:59, 28 October 2022 by Pi is 3.14 (talk | contribs) (Video Solution by OmegaLearn)


What is the value of $\sqrt{\left(3-2\sqrt{3}\right)^2}+\sqrt{\left(3+2\sqrt{3}\right)^2}$?

$\textbf{(A)} ~0 \qquad\textbf{(B)} ~4\sqrt{3}-6 \qquad\textbf{(C)} ~6 \qquad\textbf{(D)} ~4\sqrt{3} \qquad\textbf{(E)} ~4\sqrt{3}+6$

Solution 1

Note that the square root of any number squared is always the absolute value of the squared number because the square root function will only return a nonnegative number. By squaring both $3$ and $2\sqrt{3}$, we see that $2\sqrt{3}>3$, thus $3-2\sqrt{3}$ is negative, so we must take the absolute value of $3-2\sqrt{3}$, which is just $2\sqrt{3}-3$. Knowing this, the first term in the expression equals $2\sqrt{3}-3$ and the second term is $3+2\sqrt3$, and summing the two gives $\boxed{\textbf{(D)} ~4\sqrt{3}}$.

~bjc, abhinavg0627 and JackBocresion

Solution 2

Let $x = \sqrt{(3-2\sqrt{3})^2}+\sqrt{(3+2\sqrt{3})^2}$, then $x^2 = (3-2\sqrt{3})^2+2\sqrt{(-3)^2}+(3+2\sqrt3)^2$. The $2\sqrt{(-3)^2}$ term is there due to difference of squares when you simplify $2ab$ from $(a + b)^2$. Simplifying the expression gives us $x^2 = 48$, so $x=\boxed{\textbf{(D)} ~4\sqrt{3}}$ ~ shrungpatel

Video Solution

https://youtu.be/HHVdPTLQsLc ~Math Python

Video Solution by OmegaLearn



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~Education, the Study of Everything

See Also

2021 AMC 10B (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 1
Followed by
Problem 3
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All AMC 10 Problems and Solutions

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