2022 AMC 8 Problems/Problem 13

Problem

How many positive integers can fill the blank in the sentence below?

“One positive integer is _____ more than twice another, and the sum of the two numbers is $28$.”

$\textbf{(A) } 6 \qquad \textbf{(B) } 7 \qquad \textbf{(C) } 8 \qquad \textbf{(D) } 9 \qquad \textbf{(E) } 10$

Solution

Let $m$ and $n$ be positive integers such that $m>n$ and $m+n=28.$ It follows that $m=2n+d$ for some positive integer $d.$ We wish to find the number of possible values for $d.$

By substitution, we have $(2n+d)+n=28,$ from which $d=28-3n.$ Note that $n=1,2,3,\ldots,9$ each generate a positive integer for $d,$ so there are $\boxed{\textbf{(D) } 9}$ possible values for $d.$

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 2022 AMC 8 (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) Preceded byProblem 12 Followed byProblem 14 1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 • 16 • 17 • 18 • 19 • 20 • 21 • 22 • 23 • 24 • 25 All AJHSME/AMC 8 Problems and Solutions