2022 AMC 8 Problems/Problem 23

Revision as of 23:27, 11 March 2023 by Robinthebest (talk | contribs) (Solution 2)


A $\triangle$ or $\bigcirc$ is placed in each of the nine squares in a $3$-by-$3$ grid. Shown below is a sample configuration with three $\triangle$s in a line. [asy] //diagram by kante314 size(3.3cm); defaultpen(linewidth(1)); real r = 0.37; path equi = r * dir(-30) -- (r+0.03) * dir(90) -- r * dir(210) -- cycle; draw((0,0)--(0,3)--(3,3)--(3,0)--cycle); draw((0,1)--(3,1)--(3,2)--(0,2)--cycle); draw((1,0)--(1,3)--(2,3)--(2,0)--cycle); draw(circle((3/2,5/2),1/3)); draw(circle((5/2,1/2),1/3)); draw(circle((3/2,3/2),1/3)); draw(shift(0.5,0.38) * equi); draw(shift(1.5,0.38) * equi); draw(shift(0.5,1.38) * equi); draw(shift(2.5,1.38) * equi); draw(shift(0.5,2.38) * equi); draw(shift(2.5,2.38) * equi); [/asy] How many configurations will have three $\triangle$s in a line and three $\bigcirc$s in a line?

$\textbf{(A) } 39 \qquad \textbf{(B) } 42 \qquad \textbf{(C) } 78 \qquad \textbf{(D) } 84 \qquad \textbf{(E) } 96$

Solution 1 (Casework)

Notice that diagonals and a vertical-horizontal pair can never work, so the only possibilities are if all lines are vertical or if all lines are horizontal. These are essentially the same, so we'll count up how many work with all lines of shapes vertical, and then multiply by 2 at the end.

We take casework:

Case 1: 3 lines: In this case, the lines would need to be $2$ of one shape and $1$ of another, so there are $\frac{3!}{2} = 3$ ways to arrange the lines and $2$ ways to pick which shape has only one line. In total, this is $3\cdot 2 = 6.$

Case 2: 2 lines: In this case, the lines would be one line of triangles, one line of circles, and the last one can be anything that includes both shapes. There are $3! = 6$ ways to arrange the lines and $2^3-2 = 6$ ways to choose the last line. In total, this is $6\cdot 6 = 36.$

Finally, we add and multiply: $2(36+6)=2(42)=\boxed{\textbf{(D) }84}$.


Solution 2

We will only consider cases where the three identical symbols are the same column, but at the end we shall double our answer as the same holds true for rows. There are $3$ ways to choose a column with all $\bigcirc$'s and $2$ ways to choose a column with all $\triangle$'s. The third column can be filled in $2^3=8$ ways. Therefore, we have a total of $3\cdot2\cdot8=48$ cases. However, we overcounted the cases with $2$ complete columns of with one symbol and $1$ complete column with another symbol. This happens in $2\cdot3=6$ cases. $48-6=42$. However, we have to remember to double our answer, giving us $\boxed{\textbf{(D) }84}$ ways to complete the grid.


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See Also

2022 AMC 8 (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 22
Followed by
Problem 24
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All AJHSME/AMC 8 Problems and Solutions

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