# 2023 AMC 12B Problems/Problem 12

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## Problem

For complex number $u = a+bi$ and $v = c+di$ (where $i=\sqrt{-1}$), define the binary operation

$u \otimes v = ac + bdi$

Suppose $z$ is a complex number such that $z\otimes z = z^{2}+40$. What is $|z|$?

$\textbf{(A) }2\qquad\textbf{(B) }5\qquad\textbf{(C) }\sqrt{5}\qquad\textbf{(D) }\sqrt{10}\qquad\textbf{(E) }5\sqrt{2}$

## Solution 1

let $z$ = $a+bi$.

$z \otimes z = a^{2}+b^{2}i$.

This is equal to $z^{2} + 40 = a^{2}-b^{2}+40+2abi$

Since the real values have to be equal to each other, $a^{2}-b^{2}+40 = a^{2}$. Simple algebra shows $b^{2} = 40$, so $b$ is $2\sqrt{10}$.

The imaginary components must also equal each other, meaning $b^{2} = 2ab$, or $b = 2a$. This means $a = \frac{b}{2} = \sqrt{10}$.

Thus, the magnitude of z is $\sqrt{a^{2}+b^{2}} = \sqrt{50} = 5\sqrt{2}$ $=\text{\boxed{\textbf{(E) }5\sqrt{2}}}$

~Failure.net

## Video Solution

~Steven Chen (Professor Chen Education Palace, www.professorchenedu.com)

 2023 AMC 12B (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) Preceded byProblem 11 Followed byProblem 13 1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 • 16 • 17 • 18 • 19 • 20 • 21 • 22 • 23 • 24 • 25 All AMC 12 Problems and Solutions