2023 AMC 12B Problems
2023 AMC 12B (Answer Key) Printable versions: • AoPS Resources • PDF | ||
Instructions
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Contents
- 1 Problem 1
- 2 Problem 2
- 3 Problem 3
- 4 Problem 4
- 5 Problem 5
- 6 Problem 6
- 7 Problem 7
- 8 Problem 8
- 9 Problem 9
- 10 Problem 10
- 11 Problem 11
- 12 Problem 12
- 13 Problem 13
- 14 Problem 14
- 15 Problem 15
- 16 Problem 16
- 17 Problem 17
- 18 Problem 18
- 19 Problem 19
- 20 Problem 20
- 21 Problem 21
- 22 Problem 22
- 23 Problem 23
- 24 Problem 24
- 25 Problem 25
- 26 See also
Problem 1
Mrs. Jones is pouring orange juice into four identical glasses for her four sons. She fills the first three glasses completely but runs out of juice when the fourth glass is only full. What fraction of a glass must Mrs. Jones pour from each of the first three glasses into the fourth glass so that all four glasses will have the same amount of juice?
Problem 2
Carlos went to a sports store to buy running shoes. Running shoes were on sale, with prices reduced by on every pair of shoes. Carlos also knew that he had to pay a sales tax on the discounted price. He had dollars. What is the original (before discount) price of the most expensive shoes he could afford to buy?
Problem 3
A right triangle is inscribed in circle , and a right triangle is inscribed in circle . What is the ratio of the area of circle to the area of circle ?
Problem 4
Jackson's paintbrush makes a narrow strip with a width of millimeters. Jackson has enough paint to make a strip meters long. How many square centimeters of paper could Jackson cover with paint?
Problem 5
You are playing a game. A rectangle covers two adjacent squares (oriented either horizontally or vertically) of a grid of squares, but you are not told which two squares are covered. Your goal is to find at least one square that is covered by the rectangle. A "turn" consists of you guessing a square, after which you are told whether that square is covered by the hidden rectangle. What is the minimum number of turns you need to ensure that at least one of your guessed squares is covered by the rectangle?
Problem 6
When the roots of the polynomial
are removed from the number line, what remains is the union of 11 disjoint open intervals. On how many of these intervals is positive?
Problem 7
For how many integers does the expressionrepresent a real number, where log denotes the base logarithm?
Problem 8
How many nonempty subsets of have the property that the number of elements in is equal to the least element of ? For example, satisfies the condition.
Problem 9
What is the area of the region in the coordinate plane defined by
Problem 10
In the -plane, a circle of radius with center on the positive -axis is tangent to the -axis at the origin, and a circle with radius with center on the positive -axis is tangent to the -axis at the origin. What is the slope of the line passing through the two points at which these circles intersect?
Problem 11
What is the maximum area of an isosceles trapezoid that has legs of length and one base twice as long as the other?
Problem 12
For complex numbers and , define the binary operation bySuppose is a complex number such that . What is ?
Problem 13
A rectangular box has distinct edge lengths , , and . The sum of the lengths of all edges of is , the sum of the areas of all faces of is , and the volume of is . What is the length of the longest interior diagonal connecting two vertices of ?
Problem 14
For how many ordered pairs of integers does the polynomial have distinct integer roots?
Problem 15
Suppose , , and are positive integers such thatWhich of the following statements are necessarily true?
I. If or or both, then .
II. If , then or or both.
III. if and only if .
Problem 16
In Coinland, there are three types of coins, each worth and What is the sum of the digits of the maximum amount of money that is impossible to have?
Problem 17
Triangle has side lengths in arithmetic progression, and the smallest side has length . If the triangle has an angle of what is the area of ?
Problem 18
Last academic year Yolanda and Zelda took different courses that did not necessarily administer the same number of quizzes during each of the two semesters. Yolanda's average on all the quizzes she took during the first semester was points higher than Zelda's average on all the quizzes she took during the first semester. Yolanda's average on all the quizzes she took during the second semester was points higher than her average for the first semester and was again points higher than Zelda's average on all the quizzes Zelda took during her second semester. Which one of the following statements cannot possibly be true?
Yolanda's quiz average for the academic year was points higher than Zelda's.
Zelda's quiz average for the academic year was higher than Yolanda's.
Yolanda's quiz average for the academic year was points higher than Zelda's.
Zelda's quiz average for the academic year equaled Yolanda's.
If Zelda had scored points higher on each quiz she took, then she would have had the same average for the academic year as Yolanda.
Problem 19
Each of balls is placed in one of bins. Which of the following is closest to the probability that each of the bins will contain an odd number of balls?
Problem 20
Cyrus the frog jumps units in a direction, then more in another direction. What is the probability that he lands less than unit away from his starting position?
Problem 21
A lampshade is made in the form of the lateral surface of the frustum of a right circular cone. The height of the frustum is inches, its top diameter is inches, and its bottom diameter is inches. A bug is at the bottom of the lampshade and there is a glob of honey on the top edge of the lampshade at the spot farthest from the bug. The bug wants to crawl to the honey, but it must stay on the surface of the lampshade. What is the length in inches of its shortest path to the honey?
Problem 22
A real-valued function has the property that for all real numbers and Which one of the following cannot be the value of
Problem 23
When standard six-sided dice are rolled, the product of the numbers rolled can be any of possible values. What is ?
Problem 24
Suppose that , , and are positive integers satisfying all of the following relations.
What is ?
Problem 25
A regular pentagon with area is printed on paper and cut out. The five vertices of the pentagon are folded into the center of the pentagon, creating a smaller pentagon. What is the area of the new pentagon?
See also
2023 AMC 12B (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | |
Preceded by 2023 AMC 12A Problems |
Followed by 2024 AMC 12A Problems |
1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 • 16 • 17 • 18 • 19 • 20 • 21 • 22 • 23 • 24 • 25 | |
All AMC 12 Problems and Solutions |
The problems on this page are copyrighted by the Mathematical Association of America's American Mathematics Competitions.