1986 AIME Problems/Problem 11
Problem
The polynomial may be written in the form , where and the 's are constants. Find the value of .
Contents
Solution
Solution 1
Using the geometric series formula, . Since , this becomes . We want , which is the coefficient of the term in (because the in the denominator reduces the degrees in the numerator by ). By the Binomial Theorem, this is .
Solution 2
Again, notice . So
We want the coefficient of the term of each power of each binomial, which by the binomial theorem is . The Hockey Stick Identity tells us that this quantity is equal to .
Solution 3
Again, notice . Substituting for in gives: From binomial theorem, the coefficient of the term is . This is actually the sum of the first 16 triangular numbers, which evaluates to .
Solution 4(calculus)
Let and .
Then, since , by the power rule.
Similarly,
Now, notice that if , then , so
, and .
Now, we can use the hockey stick theorem to see that
Thus,
-AOPS81619
See also
1986 AIME (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | ||
Preceded by Problem 10 |
Followed by Problem 12 | |
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