# 1995 AJHSME Problems/Problem 3

## Problem

Which of the following operations has the same effect on a number as multiplying by $\dfrac{3}{4}$ and then dividing by $\dfrac{3}{5}$? $\text{(A)}\ \text{dividing by }\dfrac{4}{3} \qquad \text{(B)}\ \text{dividing by }\dfrac{9}{20} \qquad \text{(C)}\ \text{multiplying by }\dfrac{9}{20} \qquad \text{(D)}\ \text{dividing by }\dfrac{5}{4} \qquad \text{(E)}\ \text{multiplying by }\dfrac{5}{4}$

## Solution

Dividing by $\frac{3}{5}$ is the same as multiplying by its reciprocal, $\frac{5}{3}$.

Multiplying a number by two numbers is the same as multiplying the number by the product of those two numbers. Thus, multiplying by $\frac{3}{4}$ and then $\frac{5}{3}$ is the same as multiplying by $\frac{3\cdot 5}{4\cdot 3} = \frac{5}{4}$, and the answer is $\boxed{E}$.

## See Also

 1995 AJHSME (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) Preceded byProblem 2 Followed byProblem 4 1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 • 16 • 17 • 18 • 19 • 20 • 21 • 22 • 23 • 24 • 25 All AJHSME/AMC 8 Problems and Solutions

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