2005 AMC 10A Problems/Problem 23
Problem
Let be a diameter of a circle and let be a point on with . Let and be points on the circle such that and is a second diameter. What is the ratio of the area of to the area of ?
Solution 1
Let us assume that the diameter is of length .
is of diameter and is .
is the radius of the circle, so using the Pythagorean theorem height of is . This is also the height of the .
Area of the is = .
The height of can be found using the area of and as base.
Hence the height of is = .
The diameter is the base for both the triangles and .
Hence, the ratio of the area of to the area of is =
Solution 2
Since and share a base, the ratio of their areas is the ratio of their altitudes. Draw the altitude from to .
.
Since , then . So the ratio of the two altitudes is
Solution 3
Say the center of the circle is point ; Without loss of generality, assume , so and the diameter and radius are and , respectively. Therefore, , and . The area of can be expressed as happens to be the area of . Furthermore, or Therefore, the ratio is
Solution 4
WLOG, let , , so radius of the circle is and . As in solution 1, By same altitude, the ratio , where is the point where extended meets circle . Note that angle P = 90 deg, so DCO ~ DPE with ratio 1:2, so PE = 1. Thus, our ratio is .
See Also
2005 AMC 10A (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | ||
Preceded by Problem 22 |
Followed by Problem 24 | |
1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 • 16 • 17 • 18 • 19 • 20 • 21 • 22 • 23 • 24 • 25 | ||
All AMC 10 Problems and Solutions |
The problems on this page are copyrighted by the Mathematical Association of America's American Mathematics Competitions.