2005 AMC 12B Problems/Problem 6

The following problem is from both the 2005 AMC 12B #6 and 2005 AMC 10B #10, so both problems redirect to this page.

Problem

In $\triangle ABC$, we have $AC=BC=7$ and $AB=2$. Suppose that $D$ is a point on line $AB$ such that $B$ lies between $A$ and $D$ and $CD=8$. What is $BD$?

$\mathrm{(A)}\ 3      \qquad \mathrm{(B)}\ 2\sqrt{3}      \qquad \mathrm{(C)}\ 4      \qquad \mathrm{(D)}\ 5      \qquad \mathrm{(E)}\ 4\sqrt{2}$

Solution

Draw height $CH$ (Perpendicular line from point C to line AD). We have that $BH=1$. From the Pythagorean Theorem, $CH=\sqrt{48}$. Since $CD=8$, $HD=\sqrt{8^2-48}=\sqrt{16}=4$, and $BD=HD-1$, so $BD=\boxed{\text{(A)}3}$.

Solution #2 (Trig)

After drawing out a diagram, let $\angle{ABC}=\theta$. By the Law of Cosines, $7^2=2^2+7^2-2(7)(2)\cos{\theta} \rightarrow 0=4-28\cos{\theta} \rightarrow \cos{\theta}=\frac{1}{7}$. In $\triangle CBD$, we have $\angle{CBD}=(180-\theta)$, and using the identity $\cos(180-\theta)=-\cos{\theta}$ and Law of Cosines one more time: $8^2=7^2+x^2-2(7)(x)\left( \frac{-1}{7} \right) \rightarrow 64=49+x^2+2x \rightarrow x^2+2x-15=0$. The only positive value for $x$ is $3$, which gives the length of $\overline{BD}$. Thus the answer is $\boxed{\text{A}}$.

~Bowser498

See also

2005 AMC 10B (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 9
Followed by
Problem 11
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AMC 10 Problems and Solutions
2005 AMC 12B (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 5
Followed by
Problem 7
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AMC 12 Problems and Solutions

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