2009 AMC 10B Problems/Problem 4

The following problem is from both the 2009 AMC 10B #4 and 2009 AMC 12B #4, so both problems redirect to this page.

Problem

A rectangular yard contains two flower beds in the shape of congruent isosceles right triangles. The remainder of the yard has a trapezoidal shape, as shown. The parallel sides of the trapezoid have lengths $15$ and $25$ meters. What fraction of the yard is occupied by the flower beds?

[asy] unitsize(2mm); defaultpen(linewidth(.8pt));  fill((0,0)--(0,5)--(5,5)--cycle,gray); fill((25,0)--(25,5)--(20,5)--cycle,gray); draw((0,0)--(0,5)--(25,5)--(25,0)--cycle); draw((0,0)--(5,5)); draw((20,5)--(25,0)); [/asy]

$\mathrm{(A)}\frac {1}{8}\qquad \mathrm{(B)}\frac {1}{6}\qquad \mathrm{(C)}\frac {1}{5}\qquad \mathrm{(D)}\frac {1}{4}\qquad \mathrm{(E)}\frac {1}{3}$

Solution

Each triangle has leg length $\frac 12 \cdot (25 - 15) = 5$ meters and area $\frac 12 \cdot 5^2 = \frac {25}{2}$ square meters. Thus the flower beds have a total area of $25$ square meters. The entire yard has length $25$ m and width $5$ m, so its area is $125$ square meters. The fraction of the yard occupied by the flower beds is $\frac {25}{125} = \boxed{\frac15}$. The answer is $\mathrm{(C)}$.

See also

2009 AMC 10B (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 3
Followed by
Problem 5
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AMC 10 Problems and Solutions
2009 AMC 12B (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 3
Followed by
Problem 5
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AMC 12 Problems and Solutions

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