2011 AMC 12A Problems/Problem 7
Contents
Problem
A majority of the students in Ms. Demeanor's class bought pencils at the school bookstore. Each of these students bought the same number of pencils, and this number was greater than . The cost of a pencil in cents was greater than the number of pencils each student bought, and the total cost of all the pencils was . What was the cost of a pencil in cents?
Solution 1
The total cost of the pencils can be found by .
Since is the product of three sets of values, we can begin with prime factorization, since it gives some insight into the values: . Since has none of these factors, it can be eliminated immediately, leaving , , , and .
Beginning with , we see that the number of pencils purchased by each student must be either or . However, the problem states that the price of each pencil must exceed the number of pencils purchased, so we can eliminate this.
Continuing with , we can conclude that the only case that fulfills the restrictions is that there are students who each purchased such pencils, so the answer is . We can apply the same logic to as we applied to if one wants to make doubly sure.
~PerseverePlayer (minor edits, changed some grammar, E can't be eliminated at first, fixed that)
Solution 2
We know the total cost of the pencils can be found by .
Using prime factorization like in the solution above, we see that there is only one combination of three whole numbers whose product is equal to : (without using ). So we know that , and must be the number of students, the number of pencils purchased by each student and the price of each pencil in cents.
We know that must be the number of students, as it is the only number that makes up the majority of 30.
We pick the greater of the remaining numbers for the price of each pencil in cents, which is .
Therefore, our answer is .
-JinhoK
Solution 3 (essentially Solutions 1 and 2 but cleaned with variables)
We let be the number of students that bought pencils at the bookstore, be the cost of each pencil in cents, and the number of pencils each student bought. Thus, we are looking for Since a majority of the students in the class bought pencils at the bookstore, (s>15) We also know that and Finally, We can factor as Since and none of them can be and therefore and are and in some order. We know that so must be so and Thus, cents. ~Technodoggo
Video Solution
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6tlqpAcmbz4 ~Shreyas S
~savannahsolver
See also
2011 AMC 12A (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | |
Preceded by Problem 6 |
Followed by Problem 8 |
1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 • 16 • 17 • 18 • 19 • 20 • 21 • 22 • 23 • 24 • 25 | |
All AMC 12 Problems and Solutions |
2011 AMC 10A (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | ||
Preceded by Problem 9 |
Followed by Problem 11 | |
1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 • 16 • 17 • 18 • 19 • 20 • 21 • 22 • 23 • 24 • 25 | ||
All AMC 10 Problems and Solutions |
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