2012 AMC 12B Problems/Problem 6

Problem

In order to estimate the value of $x-y$ where $x$ and $y$ are real numbers with $x>y>0$, Xiaoli rounded $x$ up by a small amount, rounded $y$ down by the same amount, and then subtracted her rounded values. Which of the following statements is necessarily correct?

$\textbf{(A) } \text{Her estimate is larger than } x - y \qquad \textbf{(B) } \text{Her estimate is smaller than } x - y \qquad \textbf{(C) } \text{Her estimate equals } x - y$ $\textbf{(D) } \text{Her estimate equals } y - x \qquad \textbf{(E) } \text{Her estimate is } 0$

Solution

The original expression $x-y$ now becomes $(x+k) - (y-k)=(x-y)+2k>x-y$, where $k$ is a positive constant, hence the answer is $\boxed{\textbf{(A)}}$.

See Also

2012 AMC 12B (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 5
Followed by
Problem 7
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AMC 12 Problems and Solutions

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