# 2012 AMC 12B Problems/Problem 9

## Problem

It takes Clea 60 seconds to walk down an escalator when it is not moving, and 24 seconds when it is moving. How many seconds would it take Clea to ride the escalator down when she is not walking? $\textbf{(A)}\ 36\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 40\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 42\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 48\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 52$

## Solution 1

She walks at a rate of $x$ units per second to travel a distance $y$. As $vt=d$, we find $60x=y$ and $24*(x+k)=y$, where $k$ is the speed of the escalator. Setting the two equations equal to each other, $60x=24x+24k$, which means that $k=1.5x$. Now we divide $60$ by $1.5$ because you add the speed of the escalator but remove the walking, leaving the final answer that it takes to ride the escalator alone as $\boxed{\textbf{(B)}\ 40}$

## Solution 2

We write two equations using distance=rate * time. Let r be the rate she is walking, and e be the speed the escalator moves. WLOG, let the distance of the escalator be 120, as the distance is constant. Thus, our 2 equations are 120=60r and 120=24(r+e). Solving for e, we get e=3. Thus, it will take Clea 120/3 = $\boxed{\textbf{(B)}\ 40}$ seconds

~coolmath2017

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