# 2012 AMC 8 Problems/Problem 5

## Problem

In the diagram, all angles are right angles and the lengths of the sides are given in centimeters. Note the diagram is not drawn to scale. What is , $X$ in centimeters? $[asy] pair A,B,C,D,E,F,G,H,I,J,K,L,M,N,O,P,Q,R; A=(4,0); B=(7,0); C=(7,4); D=(8,4); E=(8,5); F=(10,5); G=(10,7); H=(7,7); I=(7,8); J=(5,8); K=(5,7); L=(4,7); M=(4,6); N=(0,6); O=(0,5); P=(2,5); Q=(2,3); R=(4,3); draw(A--B--C--D--E--F--G--H--I--J--K--L--M--N--O--P--Q--R--cycle); label("X",(3.4,1.5)); label("6",(7.6,1.5)); label("1",(7.6,3.5)); label("1",(8.4,4.6)); label("2",(9.4,4.6)); label("2",(10.4,6)); label("3",(8.4,7.4)); label("1",(7.5,7.8)); label("2",(6,8.5)); label("1",(4.7,7.8)); label("1",(4.3,7.5)); label("1",(3.5,6.5)); label("4",(1.8,6.5)); label("1",(-0.5,5.5)); label("2",(0.8,4.5)); label("2",(1.5,3.8)); label("2",(2.8,2.6));[/asy]$ $\textbf{(A)}\hspace{.05in}1\qquad\textbf{(B)}\hspace{.05in}2\qquad\textbf{(C)}\hspace{.05in}3\qquad\textbf{(D)}\hspace{.05in}4\qquad\textbf{(E)}\hspace{.05in}5$

## Solution 1 $1 + 1 + 1 + 2 + X = 1 + 2 + 1 + 6\\ 5 + X = 10\\ X = 5$

Thus, the answer is $\boxed{\textbf{(E)}\ 5}$.

## Solution 2

Note that we only need to consider the value below the marked red line, so we have equation: $$X + 2 = 6 + 1$$ $$X = 5$$

Hence, the answer is $\boxed{\textbf{(E)}\ 5}$.

## Video Solution

https://youtu.be/m4g-Nmot-c8 ~savannahsolver

The problems on this page are copyrighted by the Mathematical Association of America's American Mathematics Competitions. 