2013 AIME II Problems/Problem 3

Problem 3

A large candle is $119$ centimeters tall. It is designed to burn down more quickly when it is first lit and more slowly as it approaches its bottom. Specifically, the candle takes $10$ seconds to burn down the first centimeter from the top, $20$ seconds to burn down the second centimeter, and $10k$ seconds to burn down the $k$-th centimeter. Suppose it takes $T$ seconds for the candle to burn down completely. Then $\tfrac{T}{2}$ seconds after it is lit, the candle's height in centimeters will be $h$. Find $10h$.

Solution

We find that $T=10(1+2+\cdots +119)$. From Gauss's formula, we find that the value of $T$ is $10(7140)=71400$. The value of $\frac{T}{2}$ is therefore $35700$. We find that $35700$ is $10(3570)=10\cdot \frac{k(k+1)}{2}$, so $3570=\frac{k(k+1)}{2}$. As a result, $7140=k(k+1)$, which leads to $0=k^2+k-7140$. We notice that $k=84$, so the answer is $10(119-84)=\boxed{350}$.

See also

2013 AIME II (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 2
Followed by
Problem 4
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
All AIME Problems and Solutions

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