2014 AIME I Problems/Problem 15
In , , , and . Circle intersects at and , at and , and at and . Given that and , length , where and are relatively prime positive integers, and is a positive integer not divisible by the square of any prime. Find .
Since , is the diameter of . Then . But , so is a 45-45-90 triangle. Letting , we have that , , and .
Note that by SAS similarity, so and . Since is a cyclic quadrilateral, and , implying that and are isosceles. As a result, , so and .
Finally, using the Pythagorean Theorem on , Solving for , we get that , so . Thus, the answer is .
First we note that is an isosceles right triangle with hypotenuse the same as the diameter of . We also note that since is a right angle and the ratios of the sides are .
From congruent arc intersections, we know that , and that from similar triangles is also congruent to . Thus, is an isosceles triangle with , so is the midpoint of and . Similarly, we can find from angle chasing that . Therefore, is the angle bisector of . From the angle bisector theorem, we have , so and .
Lastly, we apply power of a point from points and with respect to and have and , so we can compute that and . From the Pythagorean Theorem, we result in , so
Also: . We can also use Ptolemy's Theorem on quadrilateral to figure what is in terms of : Thus .
Call and as a result . Since is cyclic we just need to get and using LoS(for more detail see the nd paragraph of Solution ) we get and using a similar argument(use LoS again) and subtracting you get so you can use Ptolemy to get . ~First
See inside the , we can find that since if , we can see that Ptolemy Theorem inside cyclic quadrilateral doesn't work. Now let's see when , since , we can assume that , since we know so is isosceles right triangle. We can denote .Applying Ptolemy Theorem inside the cyclic quadrilateral we can get the length of can be represented as . After observing, we can see , whereas so we can see is isosceles triangle. Since is a triangle so we can directly know that the length of AF can be written in the form of . Denoting a point on side with that is perpendicular to side . Now with the same reason, we can see that is a isosceles right triangle, so we can get while the segment is since its 3-4-5 again. Now adding all those segments together we can find that and and the desired which our answer is ~bluesoul
The main element of the solution is the proof that is bisector of
Let be the midpoint of
is the center of the circle BF is bisector of Let email@example.com, vvsss
The main element of the solution is the proof that is midpoint of
As in Solution 5 we get
is isosceles triangle with
Let firstname.lastname@example.org, vvsss
Video Solution by mop 2024
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