2017 AMC 8 Problems/Problem 19

Problem 19

For any positive integer $M$, the notation $M!$ denotes the product of the integers $1$ through $M$. What is the largest integer $n$ for which $5^n$ is a factor of the sum $98!+99!+100!$ ?

$\textbf{(A) }23\qquad\textbf{(B) }24\qquad\textbf{(C) }25\qquad\textbf{(D) }26\qquad\textbf{(E) }27$

Solution 1

Factoring out $98!+99!+100!$, we have $98!(10,000)$. Next, $98!$ has $\left\lfloor\frac{98}{5}\right\rfloor + \left\lfloor\frac{98}{25}\right\rfloor = 19 + 3 = 22$ factors of $5$. The $19$ is because of all the multiples of $5$. Now $10,000$ has $4$ factors of $5$, so there are a total of $22 + 4 = \boxed{\textbf{(D)}\ 26}$ factors of $5$.

Solution 2

The number of $5$'s in the factorization of $98! + 99! + 100!$ is the same as the number of trailing zeroes. The number of zeroes is taken by the floor value of each number divided by $5$, until you can't divide by $5$ anymore. Factorizing $98! + 99! + 100!$, you get $98!(1+99+9900)=98!(10000)$. To find the number of trailing zeroes in 98!, we do $\left\lfloor\frac{98}{5}\right\rfloor + \left\lfloor\frac{19}{5}\right\rfloor= 19 + 3=22$. Now since $10000$ has 4 zeroes, we add $22 + 4$ to get $\boxed{\textbf{(D)}\ 26}$ factors of $5$.

See Also

2017 AMC 8 (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 18
Followed by
Problem 20
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All AJHSME/AMC 8 Problems and Solutions

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