# 2018 AIME II Problems/Problem 4

## Problem

In equiangular octagon $CAROLINE$, $CA = RO = LI = NE =$ $\sqrt{2}$ and $AR = OL = IN = EC = 1$. The self-intersecting octagon $CORNELIA$ encloses six non-overlapping triangular regions. Let $K$ be the area enclosed by $CORNELIA$, that is, the total area of the six triangular regions. Then $K =$ $\dfrac{a}{b}$, where $a$ and $b$ are relatively prime positive integers. Find $a + b$.

## Solution

We can draw $CORNELIA$ and introduce some points.

The diagram is essentially a 3x3 grid where each of the 9 squares making up the grid have a side length of 1.

In order to find the area of $CORNELIA$, we need to find 4 times the area of $\bigtriangleup$ $ACY$ and 2 times the area of $\bigtriangleup$ $YZW$.

Using similar triangles $\bigtriangleup$ $ARW$ and $\bigtriangleup$ $YZW$(We look at their heights), $YZ$ $=$ $\frac{1}{3}$. Therefore, the area of $\bigtriangleup$ $YZW$ is $\frac{1}{3}\cdot\frac{1}{2}\cdot\frac{1}{2}$ $=$ $\frac{1}{12}$

Since $YZ$ $=$ $\frac{1}{3}$ and $XY = ZQ$, $XY$ $=$ $\frac{1}{3}$ and $CY$ $=$ $\frac{4}{3}$.

Therefore, the area of $\bigtriangleup$ $ACY$ is $\frac{4}{3}\cdot$ $1$ $\cdot$ $\frac{1}{2}$ $=$ $\frac{2}{3}$

Our final answer is $\frac{1}{12}$ $\cdot$ $2$ $+$ $\frac{2}{3}$ $\cdot$ $4$ $=$ $\frac{17}{6}$ $17 + 6 =$ $\boxed{023}$

The problems on this page are copyrighted by the Mathematical Association of America's American Mathematics Competitions. 