2020 AIME I Problems/Problem 14
Let be a quadratic polynomial with complex coefficients whose coefficient is Suppose the equation has four distinct solutions, Find the sum of all possible values of
Either or not. We first see that if it's easy to obtain by Vieta's that . Now, take and WLOG . Now, consider the parabola formed by the graph of . It has vertex . Now, say that . We note . Now, we note by plugging in again. Now, it's easy to find that , yielding a value of . Finally, we add . ~awang11, charmander3333
Remark: We know that from .
Let the roots of be and , then we can write . The fact that has solutions implies that some combination of of these are the solution to , and the other are the solution to . It's fairly easy to see there are only possible such groupings: and , or and (Note that are interchangeable, and so are and ). We now casework: If , then so this gives . Next, if , then Subtracting the first part of the first equation from the first part of the second equation gives Hence, , and so . Therefore, the solution is ~ktong
Write . Split the problem into two cases: and .
Case 1: We have . We must have Rearrange and divide through by to obtain Now, note that Now, rearrange to get and thus Substituting this into our equation for yields . Then, it is clear that does not have a double root at , so we must have and or vice versa. This gives and or vice versa, implying that and .
Case 2: We have . Then, we must have . It is clear that (we would otherwise get implying or vice versa), so and .
Thus, our final answer is . ~GeronimoStilton
Let . There are two cases: in the first case, equals (without loss of generality), and thus . By Vieta's formulas .
In the second case, say without loss of generality and . Subtracting gives , so . From this, we have .
Note , so by Vieta's, we have . In this case, .
The requested sum is .~TheUltimate123
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