2020 AMC 10B Problems/Problem 14
- The following problem is from both the 2020 AMC 10B #14 and 2020 AMC 12B #11, so both problems redirect to this page.
Problem
As shown in the figure below, six semicircles lie in the interior of a regular hexagon with side length 2 so that the diameters of the semicircles coincide with the sides of the hexagon. What is the area of the shaded region — inside the hexagon but outside all of the semicircles?
Solution 1
Let point A be a vertex of the regular hexagon, let point B be the midpoint of the line connecting point A and a neighboring vertex, and let point C be the second intersection of the two semicircles that pass through point A. Then, , since B is the center of the semicircle with radius 1 that C lies on, , since B is the center of the semicircle with radius 1 that A lies on, and , as a regular hexagon has angles of 120, and is half of any angle in this hexagon. Now, using the sine law, , so . Since the angles in a triangle sum to 180, is also 60. Therefore, is an equilateral triangle with side lengths of 1.
Since the area of a regular hexagon can be found with the formula , where is the side length of the hexagon, the area of this hexagon is . Since the area of an equilateral triangle can be found with the formula , where is the side length of the equilateral triangle, the area of an equilateral triangle with side lengths of 1 is . Since the area of a circle can be found with the formula , the area of a sixth of a circle with radius 1 is . In each sixth of the hexagon, there are two equilateral triangles colored white, each with an area of , and one sixth of a circle with radius 1 colored white, with an area of . The rest of the sixth is colored gray. Therefore, the total area that is colored white in each sixth of the hexagon is , which equals , and the total area colored white is , which equals . Since the area colored gray equals the total area of the hexagon minus the area colored white, the area colored gray is , which equals .
Solution 2
First, subdivide the hexagon into 24 equilateral triangles with side length 1: Now note that the entire shaded region is just 6 times this part: The entire rhombus is just 2 equilatrial triangles with side lengths of 1, so it has an area of: The arc that is not included has an area of: Hence, the area of the shaded region in that section is For a final area of: ~N828335
Video Solution
https://youtu.be/t6yjfKXpwDs?t=786 (for AMC 10)
https://youtu.be/0xgTR3UEqbQ (for AMC 12)
~IceMatrix
https://youtu.be/oTqx8OqSMQI ~DSA_Catachu
See Also
2020 AMC 10B (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | ||
Preceded by Problem 13 |
Followed by Problem 15 | |
1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 • 16 • 17 • 18 • 19 • 20 • 21 • 22 • 23 • 24 • 25 | ||
All AMC 10 Problems and Solutions |
2020 AMC 12B (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | |
Preceded by Problem 10 |
Followed by Problem 12 |
1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 • 16 • 17 • 18 • 19 • 20 • 21 • 22 • 23 • 24 • 25 | |
All AMC 12 Problems and Solutions |
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