# 2021 Fall AMC 12B Problems/Problem 10

## Problem

What is the sum of all possible values of $t$ between $0$ and $360$ such that the triangle in the coordinate plane whose vertices are $$(\cos 40^\circ,\sin 40^\circ), (\cos 60^\circ,\sin 60^\circ), \text{ and } (\cos t^\circ,\sin t^\circ)$$ is isosceles?

$\textbf{(A)} \: 100 \qquad\textbf{(B)} \: 150 \qquad\textbf{(C)} \: 330 \qquad\textbf{(D)} \: 360 \qquad\textbf{(E)} \: 380$

## Solution

Let $A = (\cos 40^{\circ}, \sin 40^{\circ}), B = (\cos 60^{\circ}, \sin 60^{\circ}),$ and $C = (\cos t^{\circ}, \sin t^{\circ}).$ We apply casework to the legs of isosceles $\triangle ABC:$

1. $AB=AC$

Note that $A$ must be the midpoint of $\widehat{BC}.$ It follows that $C = (\cos 20^{\circ}, \sin 20^{\circ}),$ so $t=20.$

2. $BA=BC$

Note that $B$ must be the midpoint of $\widehat{AC}.$ It follows that $C = (\cos 80^{\circ}, \sin 80^{\circ}),$ so $t=80.$

3. $CA=CB$

Note that $C$ must be the midpoint of $\widehat{AB}.$ It follows that $C = (\cos 50^{\circ}, \sin 50^{\circ})$ or $C = (\cos 230^{\circ}, \sin 230^{\circ}),$ so $t=50$ or $t=230.$

Together, the sum of all such possible values of $t$ is $20+80+50+230=\boxed{\textbf{(E)} \: 380}.$

Remark

The following diagram shows all possible locations of $C:$

$[asy] /* Made by MRENTHUSIASM */ size(200); int xMin = -1; int xMax = 1; int yMin = -1; int yMax = 1; int numRays = 36; //Draws a polar grid that goes out to a number of circles //equal to big, with numRays specifying the number of rays: void polarGrid(int big, int numRays) { for (int i = 1; i < big+1; ++i) { draw(Circle((0,0),i), gray+linewidth(0.4)); } for (int i=0;i

~Steven Chen (www.professorchenedu.com) ~Wilhelm Z ~MRENTHUSIASM

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