1964 AHSME Problems/Problem 19

Revision as of 21:24, 23 July 2019 by Talkinaway (talk | contribs) (Created page with "== Problem 19== If <math>2x-3y-z=0</math> and <math>x+3y-14z=0, z \neq 0</math>, the numerical value of <math>\frac{x^2+3xy}{y^2+z^2}</math> is: <math>\textbf{(A)}\ 7\qquad...")
(diff) ← Older revision | Latest revision (diff) | Newer revision → (diff)

Problem 19

If $2x-3y-z=0$ and $x+3y-14z=0, z \neq 0$, the numerical value of $\frac{x^2+3xy}{y^2+z^2}$ is:

$\textbf{(A)}\ 7\qquad \textbf{(B)}\ 2\qquad \textbf{(C)}\ 0\qquad \textbf{(D)}\ -20/17\qquad \textbf{(E)}\ -2$

Solution 1

If the value of $\frac{x^2+3xy}{y^2+z^2}$ is constant, as the answers imply, we can pick a value of $z$, and then solve the two linear equations for the corresponding $(x, y)$. We can then plug in $(x,y, z)$ into the expression to get the answer.

If $z=1$, then $2x - 3y = 1$ and $x + 3y = 14$. We can solve each equation for $3y$ and set them equal, which leads to $2x - 1 = 14 - x$. This leads to $x = 5$. Plugging in $x=5$ into $x + 3y = 14$ gives $y = 3$. Thus, $(5, 3, 1)$ is one solution to the intersection of the two planes given.

Plugging $(5, 3, -1)$ into the expression gives $\frac{x^2+3xy}{y^2+z^2}$ gives $\frac{25 + 45}{10}$, or $7$, which is answer $\boxed{\textbf{(A)}}$

Solution 2

If we think of $z$ as a parameter, we get $2x - 3y = z$ and $x + 3y = 14z$. Adding the equations leads to $3x = 15z$, or $x = 5z$. Plugging that into $x + 3y = 14z$ gives $5z + 3y = 14z$, or $y = 3z$. Thus, the intersection of the two planes is given by the parametric line $(5z, 3z, z)$, where $z$ varies along all real numbers.

We plug this in to $\frac{x^2+3xy}{y^2+z^2}$ to get $\frac{25z^2 + 45z^2}{10z^2}$, or $7$, which is answer $\boxed{\textbf{(A)}}$.

See Also

1964 AHSC (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 18
Followed by
Problem 20
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40
All AHSME Problems and Solutions

The problems on this page are copyrighted by the Mathematical Association of America's American Mathematics Competitions. AMC logo.png

Invalid username
Login to AoPS