Difference between revisions of "1991 AIME Problems/Problem 7"
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== Solution == | == Solution == | ||
− | Let <math>f(x) = \sqrt{19} + \frac{91}{x}</math>. Then <math>x = f(f(f(f(f(x)))))</math>, from which we realize that <math>f(x) = x</math>. This is because if we expand the entire expression, we will get a quadratic. As this quadratic will have two roots, they must be the same roots as the quadratic <math>f(x)=x</math>. | + | Let <math>f(x) = \sqrt{19} + \frac{91}{x}</math>. Then <math>x = f(f(f(f(f(x)))))</math>, from which we realize that <math>f(x) = x</math>. This is because if we expand the entire expression, we will get a fraction of the form <math>\frac{ax + b}{cx + d}</math> on the right hand side, which makes the equation simplify to a quadratic. As this quadratic will have two roots, they must be the same roots as the quadratic <math>f(x)=x</math>. |
The given finite expansion can then be easily seen to reduce to the [[quadratic equation]] <math>x_{}^{2}-\sqrt{19}x-91=0</math>. The solutions are <math>x_{\pm}^{}=</math><math>\frac{\sqrt{19}\pm\sqrt{383}}{2}</math>. Therefore, <math>A_{}^{}=\vert x_{+}\vert+\vert x_{-}\vert=\sqrt{383}</math>. We conclude that <math>A_{}^{2}=383</math>. | The given finite expansion can then be easily seen to reduce to the [[quadratic equation]] <math>x_{}^{2}-\sqrt{19}x-91=0</math>. The solutions are <math>x_{\pm}^{}=</math><math>\frac{\sqrt{19}\pm\sqrt{383}}{2}</math>. Therefore, <math>A_{}^{}=\vert x_{+}\vert+\vert x_{-}\vert=\sqrt{383}</math>. We conclude that <math>A_{}^{2}=383</math>. |
Revision as of 14:18, 23 June 2014
Problem
Find , where is the sum of the absolute values of all roots of the following equation:
Solution
Let . Then , from which we realize that . This is because if we expand the entire expression, we will get a fraction of the form on the right hand side, which makes the equation simplify to a quadratic. As this quadratic will have two roots, they must be the same roots as the quadratic .
The given finite expansion can then be easily seen to reduce to the quadratic equation . The solutions are . Therefore, . We conclude that .
See also
1991 AIME (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | ||
Preceded by Problem 6 |
Followed by Problem 8 | |
1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 | ||
All AIME Problems and Solutions |
The problems on this page are copyrighted by the Mathematical Association of America's American Mathematics Competitions.