Difference between revisions of "2013 AIME II Problems/Problem 10"
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+ | ==Problem 10== | ||
Given a circle of radius <math>\sqrt{13}</math>, let <math>A</math> be a point at a distance <math>4 + \sqrt{13}</math> from the center <math>O</math> of the circle. Let <math>B</math> be the point on the circle nearest to point <math>A</math>. A line passing through the point <math>A</math> intersects the circle at points <math>K</math> and <math>L</math>. The maximum possible area for <math>\triangle BKL</math> can be written in the form <math>\frac{a - b\sqrt{c}}{d}</math>, where <math>a</math>, <math>b</math>, <math>c</math>, and <math>d</math> are positive integers, <math>a</math> and <math>d</math> are relatively prime, and <math>c</math> is not divisible by the square of any prime. Find <math>a+b+c+d</math>. | Given a circle of radius <math>\sqrt{13}</math>, let <math>A</math> be a point at a distance <math>4 + \sqrt{13}</math> from the center <math>O</math> of the circle. Let <math>B</math> be the point on the circle nearest to point <math>A</math>. A line passing through the point <math>A</math> intersects the circle at points <math>K</math> and <math>L</math>. The maximum possible area for <math>\triangle BKL</math> can be written in the form <math>\frac{a - b\sqrt{c}}{d}</math>, where <math>a</math>, <math>b</math>, <math>c</math>, and <math>d</math> are positive integers, <math>a</math> and <math>d</math> are relatively prime, and <math>c</math> is not divisible by the square of any prime. Find <math>a+b+c+d</math>. | ||
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The equation for Circle O is <math>x^2+y^2=13</math>, and let the slope of the line<math>AKL</math> be <math>k</math>, then the equation for line<math>AKL</math> is <math>y=k(x-4-\sqrt{13})</math> | The equation for Circle O is <math>x^2+y^2=13</math>, and let the slope of the line<math>AKL</math> be <math>k</math>, then the equation for line<math>AKL</math> is <math>y=k(x-4-\sqrt{13})</math> | ||
− | Then we get <math>(k^2+1)x^2-2k^2(4+\sqrt{13})x+k^2\cdot (4+\sqrt{13})^2-13=0</math>, according to Vieta's | + | Then we get <math>(k^2+1)x^2-2k^2(4+\sqrt{13})x+k^2\cdot (4+\sqrt{13})^2-13=0</math>, according to [[Vieta's Formulas]], we get |
<math>x_1+x_2=\frac{2k^2(4+\sqrt{13})}{k^2+1}</math>, and <math>x_1x_2=\frac{(4+\sqrt{13})^2\cdot k^2-13}{k^2+1}</math> | <math>x_1+x_2=\frac{2k^2(4+\sqrt{13})}{k^2+1}</math>, and <math>x_1x_2=\frac{(4+\sqrt{13})^2\cdot k^2-13}{k^2+1}</math> |
Revision as of 16:59, 6 April 2013
Problem 10
Given a circle of radius , let be a point at a distance from the center of the circle. Let be the point on the circle nearest to point . A line passing through the point intersects the circle at points and . The maximum possible area for can be written in the form , where , , , and are positive integers, and are relatively prime, and is not divisible by the square of any prime. Find .
Solution
Now we put the figure in the Cartesian plane, let the center of the circle , then , and
The equation for Circle O is , and let the slope of the line be , then the equation for line is
Then we get , according to Vieta's Formulas, we get
, and
So,
Also, the distance between and is
So the ares
Then the maximum value of is
So the answer is .
See Also
2013 AIME II (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | ||
Preceded by Problem 9 |
Followed by Problem 11 | |
1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 | ||
All AIME Problems and Solutions |