Difference between revisions of "2015 AMC 10A Problems/Problem 8"

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{{duplicate|[[2015 AMC 12A Problems|2015 AMC 12A #6]] and [[2015 AMC 10A Problems|2015 AMC 10A #8]]}}
 
==Problem==
 
==Problem==
  
Two years ago Pete was three times as old as his cousin Claire. Two years before that, Pete was four times as old as Claire. In how many years will the ratio of their ages be 2 : 1 ?
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Two years ago Pete was three times as old as his cousin Claire. Two years before that, Pete was four times as old as Claire. In how many years will the ratio of their ages be <math>2</math> : <math>1</math> ?
 
 
<math> \textbf{(a)}\ 2 \qquad\textbf{(B)} \ 4 \qquad\textbf{(C)} \ 5 \qquad\textbf{(D)} \ 6 \qquad\textbf{(E)} \ 8 </math>
 
 
 
  
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<math> \textbf{(A)}\ 2 \qquad\textbf{(B)} \ 4 \qquad\textbf{(C)} \ 5 \qquad\textbf{(D)} \ 6 \qquad\textbf{(E)} \ 8 </math>
  
 
==Solution==
 
==Solution==
  
This problem can be converted to a system of equations. Let <math>p</math> be Pete's current age and <math>c</math> be Claire's current age.  
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This problem can be converted to a system of equations. Let <math>p</math> be Trahee's current age and <math>c</math> be her brother's current age.  
  
 
The first statement can be written as <math>p-2=3(c-2)</math>. The second statement can be written as <math>p-4=4(c-4)</math>
 
The first statement can be written as <math>p-2=3(c-2)</math>. The second statement can be written as <math>p-4=4(c-4)</math>
  
 
To solve the system of equations:
 
To solve the system of equations:
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<math>p=3c-4</math>
 
<math>p=3c-4</math>
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<math>c=8</math>
 
<math>c=8</math>
  
<math>p=20</math>
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<math>p=20.</math>
  
Let <math>x</math> be the number of years until Pete is twice as old as Claire.
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Let <math>x</math> be the number of years until Trahee is twice as old as her brother.
  
 
<math>20+x=2(8+x)</math>
 
<math>20+x=2(8+x)</math>
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<math>x=4</math>
 
<math>x=4</math>
  
The answer is <math>\boxed{\textbf{(B) }4}</math>.
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The answer is <math>\boxed{\textbf{ }4}</math>.
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==Video Solution==
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https://youtu.be/g8lPXUg-K_I
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~savannahsolver
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==See Also==
 +
{{AMC10 box|year=2015|ab=A|num-b=7|num-a=9}}
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{{AMC12 box|year=2015|ab=A|num-b=5|num-a=7}}
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{{MAA Notice}}

Revision as of 10:47, 24 February 2021

The following problem is from both the 2015 AMC 12A #6 and 2015 AMC 10A #8, so both problems redirect to this page.

Problem

Two years ago Pete was three times as old as his cousin Claire. Two years before that, Pete was four times as old as Claire. In how many years will the ratio of their ages be $2$ : $1$ ?

$\textbf{(A)}\ 2 \qquad\textbf{(B)} \ 4 \qquad\textbf{(C)} \ 5 \qquad\textbf{(D)} \ 6 \qquad\textbf{(E)} \ 8$

Solution

This problem can be converted to a system of equations. Let $p$ be Trahee's current age and $c$ be her brother's current age.

The first statement can be written as $p-2=3(c-2)$. The second statement can be written as $p-4=4(c-4)$

To solve the system of equations:


$p=3c-4$

$p=4c-12$

$3c-4=4c-12$

$c=8$

$p=20.$

Let $x$ be the number of years until Trahee is twice as old as her brother.

$20+x=2(8+x)$

$20+x=16+2x$

$x=4$

The answer is $\boxed{\textbf{ }4}$.

Video Solution

https://youtu.be/g8lPXUg-K_I

~savannahsolver

See Also

2015 AMC 10A (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 7
Followed by
Problem 9
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AMC 10 Problems and Solutions
2015 AMC 12A (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 5
Followed by
Problem 7
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AMC 12 Problems and Solutions

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