Difference between revisions of "2017 AIME I Problems/Problem 4"
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<cmath>\overline {OM} + \overline {OC} = \overline {CM} = 16</cmath> | <cmath>\overline {OM} + \overline {OC} = \overline {CM} = 16</cmath> | ||
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Revision as of 20:08, 8 March 2017
Problem 4
A pyramid has a triangular base with side lengths , , and . The three edges of the pyramid from the three corners of the base to the fourth vertex of the pyramid all have length . The volume of the pyramid is , where and are positive integers, and is not divisible by the square of any prime. Find .
Solution
Let the triangular base be , with . Using Simplified Heron's formula for the area of an isosceles triangle gives .
Let the fourth vertex of the tetrahedron be , and let the midpoint of be . Since is equidistant from , , and , the line through perpendicular to the plane of will pass through the circumcenter of , which we will call . Note that is equidistant from each of , , and . We find that . Then,
Let . Equation :
Squaring both sides, we have
Substituting with equation :
We now find that .
Let the distance . Using the Pythagorean Theorem on triangle , , or (all three are congruent by SSS):
Finally, by the formula for volume of a pyramid,
This simplifies to , so .
See Also
2017 AIME I (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | ||
Preceded by Problem 3 |
Followed by Problem 5 | |
1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 | ||
All AIME Problems and Solutions |
The problems on this page are copyrighted by the Mathematical Association of America's American Mathematics Competitions.