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2017 AMC 10A Problems/Problem 10

Problem

Joy has $30$ thin rods, one each of every integer length from $1$ cm through $30$ cm. She places the rods with lengths $3$ cm, $7$ cm, and $15$ cm on a table. She then wants to choose a fourth rod that she can put with these three to form a quadrilateral with positive area. How many of the remaining rods can she choose as the fourth rod? $\textbf{(A)}\ 16\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 17\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 18\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 19\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 20$

Solution

The triangle inequality generalizes to all polygons, so $x < 3+7+15$ and $x+3+7>15$ to get $5. Now, we know that there are $19$ numbers between $5$ and $25$ exclusive, but we must subtract $2$ to account for the 2 lengths already used that are between those numbers, which gives $19-2=\boxed{\textbf{(B)}\ 17}$

The problems on this page are copyrighted by the Mathematical Association of America's American Mathematics Competitions. 