2017 AMC 8 Problems/Problem 19

Revision as of 14:37, 28 June 2021 by Practice40hrs (talk | contribs) (Solution 2)
(diff) ← Older revision | Latest revision (diff) | Newer revision → (diff)

Problem

For any positive integer $M$, the notation $M!$ denotes the product of the integers $1$ through $M$. What is the largest integer $n$ for which $5^n$ is a factor of the sum $98!+99!+100!$ ?

$\textbf{(A) }23\qquad\textbf{(B) }24\qquad\textbf{(C) }25\qquad\textbf{(D) }26\qquad\textbf{(E) }27$

Solution 1

Factoring out $98!+99!+100!$, we have $98!(1+99+99*100)$ which is $98!(10000)$ Next, $98!$ has $\left\lfloor\frac{98}{5}\right\rfloor + \left\lfloor\frac{98}{25}\right\rfloor = 19 + 3 = 22$ factors of $5$. The $19$ is because of all the multiples of $5$. Now $10,000$ has $4$ factors of $5$, so there are a total of $22 + 4 = \boxed{\textbf{(D)}\ 26}$ factors of $5$.

Solution 2

Also keep in mind that number of $5$’s in $98!(10,000)$ is the same as the number of trailing zeros. Number of zeros is $98!$ means we need pairs of $5$’s and $2$’s; we know there will be many more $2$’s, so we seek to find number of $5$’s in $98!$ which solution tells us and that is $22$ factors of $5$. $10,000$ has $4$ trailing zeros, so it has $4$ factors of $5$ and $22 + 4 = 26$.

Video Solution

https://youtu.be/alj9Y8jGNz8

https://youtu.be/HISL2-N5NVg?t=817

~ pi_is_3.14

See Also

2017 AMC 8 (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 18
Followed by
Problem 20
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AJHSME/AMC 8 Problems and Solutions

The problems on this page are copyrighted by the Mathematical Association of America's American Mathematics Competitions. AMC logo.png

Invalid username
Login to AoPS