Difference between revisions of "2018 AIME II Problems/Problem 14"
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<math>\cos \angle BAC=\frac{AB^2+AC^2-BC^2}{2\cdot AB\cdot AC}=\frac{7^2+8^2-{(\frac{33}{5})}^2}{2\cdot 7\cdot 8}</math> | <math>\cos \angle BAC=\frac{AB^2+AC^2-BC^2}{2\cdot AB\cdot AC}=\frac{7^2+8^2-{(\frac{33}{5})}^2}{2\cdot 7\cdot 8}</math> | ||
− | <math>\cos \angle PAQ=\frac{AP^2+AQ^2-PQ^2}{2\cdot AP\cdot AQ}=\frac{3^2+{(\frac{21}{5}-y)}^2-{(\frac{6}{5} | + | <math>\cos \angle PAQ=\frac{AP^2+AQ^2-PQ^2}{2\cdot AP\cdot AQ}=\frac{3^2+{(\frac{21}{5}-y)}^2-{(\frac{6}{5}+y)}^2}{2\cdot {(\frac{21}{5}-y)}\cdot 3}</math> |
And we have | And we have | ||
Line 53: | Line 53: | ||
So | So | ||
− | <math>\frac{7^2+8^2-{(\frac{33}{5})}^2}{2\cdot 7\cdot 8}=\frac{3^2+{(\frac{21}{5}-y)}^2-{(\frac{6}{5} | + | <math>\frac{7^2+8^2-{(\frac{33}{5})}^2}{2\cdot 7\cdot 8}=\frac{3^2+{(\frac{21}{5}-y)}^2-{(\frac{6}{5}+y)}^2}{2\cdot {(\frac{21}{5}-y)}\cdot 3}</math> |
Solve this equation, we have <math>y=\frac{399}{295}=QN</math> | Solve this equation, we have <math>y=\frac{399}{295}=QN</math> |
Revision as of 02:36, 26 December 2018
Contents
Problem
The incircle of triangle is tangent to at . Let be the other intersection of with . Points and lie on and , respectively, so that is tangent to at . Assume that , , , and , where and are relatively prime positive integers. Find .
Solution 1
Let sides and be tangent to at and , respectively. Let and . Because and are both tangent to and and subtend the same arc of , it follows that . By equal tangents, . Applying the Law of Sines to yields Similarly, applying the Law of Sines to gives It follows that implying . Applying the same argument to yields from which . The requested sum is .
Solution 2 (Projective)
Let the incircle of be tangent to and at and . By Brianchon's theorem on tangential hexagons and , we know that and are concurrent at a point . Let . Then by La Hire's lies on the polar of so lies on the polar of . Therefore, also passes through . Then projecting through , we have Therefore, . Since we know that and . Therefore, and . Since , we also have . Solving for , we obtain . -Vfire
Solution 3 (Combination of Law of Sine and Law of Cosine)
Let the center of the incircle of be . Link and . Then we have
Let the incircle of be tangent to and at and , let and .
Use Law of Sine in and , we have
therefore we have
Solve this equation, we have
As a result, , , , ,
So,
Use Law of Cosine in and , we have
And we have
So
Solve this equation, we have
As a result,
So, the final answer of this question is
~Solution by (Frank FYC)
2018 AIME II (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | ||
Preceded by Problem 13 |
Followed by Problem 15 | |
1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 | ||
All AIME Problems and Solutions |
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