Difference between revisions of "2020 AMC 10B Problems/Problem 3"

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{{duplicate|[[2020 AMC 10B Problems|2020 AMC 10B #3]] and [[2020 AMC 12B Problems|2020 AMC 12B #3]]}}
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==Problem 3==
 
==Problem 3==
  

Revision as of 17:21, 16 February 2020

The following problem is from both the 2020 AMC 10B #3 and 2020 AMC 12B #3, so both problems redirect to this page.

Problem 3

The ratio of $w$ to $x$ is $4:3$, the ratio of $y$ to $z$ is $3:2$, and the ratio of $z$ to $x$ is $1:6$. What is the ratio of $w$ to $y?$

$\textbf{(A)}\ 4:3 \qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 3:2 \qquad\textbf{(C)}\  8:3 \qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 4:1 \qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 16:3$

Solution 1

WLOG, let $w=4$ and $x=3$.

Since the ratio of $z$ to $x$ is $1:6$, we can substitute in the value of $x$ to get $\frac{z}{3}=\frac{1}{6} \implies z=\frac{1}{2}$.

The ratio of $y$ to $z$ is $3:2$, so $\frac{y}{\frac{1}{2}}=\frac{3}{2} \implies y=\frac{3}{4}$.

The ratio of $w$ to $y$ is then $\frac{4}{\frac{3}{4}}=\frac{16}{3}$ so our answer is $\boxed{\textbf{(E)}\ 16:3}$ ~quacker88

Solution 2

We need to somehow link all three of the ratios together. We can start by connecting the last two ratios together by multiplying the last ratio by two.

$z:x=1:6=2:12$, and since $y:z=3:2$, we can link them together to get $y:z:x=3:2:12$.

Finally, since $x:w=3:4=12:16$, we can link this again to get: $y:z:x:w=3:2:12:16$, so $w:y = \boxed{\textbf{(E)}\ 16:3}$ ~quacker88

Video Solution

https://youtu.be/Gkm5rU5MlOU (for AMC 10) https://youtu.be/WfTty8Fe5Fo (for AMC 12)

~IceMatrix

See Also

2020 AMC 10B (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 2
Followed by
Problem 4
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AMC 10 Problems and Solutions
2020 AMC 12B (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 2
Followed by
Problem 4
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AMC 12 Problems and Solutions

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