2021 AIME II Problems/Problem 12

Revision as of 17:39, 22 March 2021 by Doriding (talk | contribs) (Solution 1)

Problem

A convex quadrilateral has area $30$ and side lengths $5, 6, 9,$ and $7,$ in that order. Denote by $\theta$ the measure of the acute angle formed by the diagonals of the quadrilateral. Then $\tan \theta$ can be written in the form $\tfrac{m}{n}$, where $m$ and $n$ are relatively prime positive integers. Find $m + n$.

Solution 1

We denote by $A$, $B$, $C$ and $D$ four vertices of this quadrilateral, such that $AB = 5$, $BC = 6$, $CD = 9$, $DA = 7$. We denote by $E$ the point that two diagonals $AC$ and $BD$ meet at. To simplify the notation, we denote $a = AE$, $b = BE$, $c = CE$, $d = DE$. We denote $\theta = \angle AED$.

First, we write down an equation of the area of the quadrilateral $ABCD$. We have ${\rm Area} \ ABCD = {\rm Area} \ \triangle ABE + {\rm Area} \ \triangle BCE + {\rm Area} \ \triangle CDE + {\rm Area} \ \triangle DAE = \frac{1}{2} ab \sin \angle AEB + \frac{1}{2} bc \sin \angle BEC + \frac{1}{2} cd \sin \angle CED + \frac{1}{2} da \sin \angle DEA = \frac{1}{2} \left( ab + bc + cd + da \right) \sin \theta$. Because ${\rm Area} \ ABCD = 30$, we have $\left( ab + bc + cd + da \right) \sin \theta = 60$. We index this equation as Eq (1).

See also

2021 AIME II (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 11
Followed by
Problem 13
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
All AIME Problems and Solutions

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