2021 Fall AMC 12B Problems/Problem 19
- The following problem is from both the 2021 Fall AMC 10B #21 and 2021 Fall AMC 12B #19, so both problems redirect to this page.
Contents
Problem
Regular polygons with and sides are inscribed in the same circle. No two of the polygons share a vertex, and no three of their sides intersect at a common point. At how many points inside the circle do two of their sides intersect?
Solution
Imagine we have regular polygons with and sides and inscribed in a circle without sharing a vertex. We see that each side of the polygon with sides (the polygon with fewer sides) will be intersected twice. (We can see this because to have a vertex of the -gon on an arc subtended by a side of the -gon, there will be one intersection to “enter” the arc and one to “exit” the arc. ~KingRavi)
This means that we will end up with times the number of sides in the polygon with fewer sides.
If we have polygons with and sides, we need to consider each possible pair of polygons and count their intersections.
Throughout of these pairs, the -sided polygon has the least number of sides times, the -sided polygon has the least number of sides times, and the -sided polygon has the least number of sides time.
Therefore the number of intersections is .
~kingofpineapplz
Remark
For regular polygons with and sides, the points of intersection inside the circle are shown below: ~MRENTHUSIASM
Video Solution by Interstigation
~Interstigation
Video Solution 2 by WhyMath
~savannahsolver
Video Solution by TheBeautyofMath
See Also
2021 Fall AMC 10B (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | ||
Preceded by Problem 20 |
Followed by Problem 22 | |
1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 • 16 • 17 • 18 • 19 • 20 • 21 • 22 • 23 • 24 • 25 | ||
All AMC 10 Problems and Solutions |
2021 Fall AMC 12B (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | |
Preceded by Problem 18 |
Followed by Problem 20 |
1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 • 16 • 17 • 18 • 19 • 20 • 21 • 22 • 23 • 24 • 25 | |
All AMC 12 Problems and Solutions |
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