User:Rowechen

Revision as of 13:10, 25 May 2020 by Rowechen (talk | contribs)

Hey how did you get to this page? If you aren't me then I have to say hello. If you are me then I must be pretty conceited to waste my time looking at my own page. If you aren't me, seriously, how did you get to this page? This is pretty cool. Well, nice meeting you! I'm going to stop wasting my time typing this up and do some math. Gtg. Bye.

Here's the AIME compilation I will be doing:

Problem 2

A circle with diameter $\overline{PQ}\,$ of length 10 is internally tangent at $P^{}_{}$ to a circle of radius 20. Square $ABCD\,$ is constructed with $A\,$ and $B\,$ on the larger circle, $\overline{CD}\,$ tangent at $Q\,$ to the smaller circle, and the smaller circle outside $ABCD\,$. The length of $\overline{AB}\,$ can be written in the form $m + \sqrt{n}\,$, where $m\,$ and $n\,$ are integers. Find $m + n\,$.

Solution

Problem 6

For how many pairs of consecutive integers in $\{1000,1001,1002^{}_{},\ldots,2000\}$ is no carrying required when the two integers are added?

Solution

Problem 6

The graphs of the equations

$y=k, \qquad y=\sqrt{3}x+2k, \qquad y=-\sqrt{3}x+2k,$

are drawn in the coordinate plane for $k=-10,-9,-8,\ldots,9,10.\,$ These 63 lines cut part of the plane into equilateral triangles of side $2/\sqrt{3}$. How many such triangles are formed?

Solution

Problem 8

Let $S\,$ be a set with six elements. In how many different ways can one select two not necessarily distinct subsets of $S\,$ so that the union of the two subsets is $S\,$? The order of selection does not matter; for example, the pair of subsets $\{a, c\}\,$, $\{b, c, d, e, f\}\,$ represents the same selection as the pair $\{b, c, d, e, f\}\,$, $\{a, c\}\,$.

Solution

Problem 7

For certain ordered pairs $(a,b)\,$ of real numbers, the system of equations

$ax+by=1\,$
$x^2+y^2=50\,$

has at least one solution, and each solution is an ordered pair $(x,y)\,$ of integers. How many such ordered pairs $(a,b)\,$ are there?

Solution

Problem 8

The points $(0,0)\,$, $(a,11)\,$, and $(b,37)\,$ are the vertices of an equilateral triangle. Find the value of $ab\,$.

Solution

Problem 12

The vertices of $\triangle ABC$ are $A = (0,0)\,$, $B = (0,420)\,$, and $C = (560,0)\,$. The six faces of a die are labeled with two $A\,$'s, two $B\,$'s, and two $C\,$'s. Point $P_1 = (k,m)\,$ is chosen in the interior of $\triangle ABC$, and points $P_2\,$, $P_3\,$, $P_4, \dots$ are generated by rolling the die repeatedly and applying the rule: If the die shows label $L\,$, where $L \in \{A, B, C\}$, and $P_n\,$ is the most recently obtained point, then $P_{n + 1}^{}$ is the midpoint of $\overline{P_n L}$. Given that $P_7 = (14,92)\,$, what is $k + m\,$?

Solution

Problem 11

Ninety-four bricks, each measuring $4''\times10''\times19'',$ are to be stacked one on top of another to form a tower 94 bricks tall. Each brick can be oriented so it contributes $4''\,$ or $10''\,$ or $19''\,$ to the total height of the tower. How many different tower heights can be achieved using all 94 of the bricks?

Solution

Problem 12

Pyramid $OABCD$ has square base $ABCD,$ congruent edges $\overline{OA}, \overline{OB}, \overline{OC},$ and $\overline{OD},$ and $\angle AOB=45^\circ.$ Let $\theta$ be the measure of the dihedral angle formed by faces $OAB$ and $OBC.$ Given that $\cos \theta=m+\sqrt{n},$ where $m_{}$ and $n_{}$ are integers, find $m+n.$

Solution

Problem 10

Find the smallest positive integer solution to $\tan{19x^{\circ}}=\dfrac{\cos{96^{\circ}}+\sin{96^{\circ}}}{\cos{96^{\circ}}-\sin{96^{\circ}}}$.

Solution

Problem 13

Let $f(n)$ be the integer closest to $\sqrt[4]{n}.$ Find $\sum_{k=1}^{1995}\frac 1{f(k)}.$

Solution

Problem 14

In a circle of radius 42, two chords of length 78 intersect at a point whose distance from the center is 18. The two chords divide the interior of the circle into four regions. Two of these regions are bordered by segments of unequal lengths, and the area of either of them can be expressed uniquely in the form $m\pi-n\sqrt{d},$ where $m, n,$ and $d_{}$ are positive integers and $d_{}$ is not divisible by the square of any prime number. Find $m+n+d.$

Solution

Problem 13

In triangle $ABC$, $AB=\sqrt{30}$, $AC=\sqrt{6}$, and $BC=\sqrt{15}$. There is a point $D$ for which $\overline{AD}$ bisects $\overline{BC}$, and $\angle ADB$ is a right angle. The ratio

\[\dfrac{\text{Area}(\triangle ADB)}{\text{Area}(\triangle ABC)}\]

can be written in the form $\dfrac{m}{n}$, where $m$ and $n$ are relatively prime positive integers. Find $m+n$.

Solution

Problem 15

In parallelogram $ABCD,$ let $O$ be the intersection of diagonals $\overline{AC}$ and $\overline{BD}$. Angles $CAB$ and $DBC$ are each twice as large as angle $DBA,$ and angle $ACB$ is $r$ times as large as angle $AOB$. Find the greatest integer that does not exceed $1000r$.


Solution

Problem 13

If $\{a_1,a_2,a_3,\ldots,a_n\}$ is a set of real numbers, indexed so that $a_1 < a_2 < a_3 < \cdots < a_n,$ its complex power sum is defined to be $a_1i + a_2i^2+ a_3i^3 + \cdots + a_ni^n,$ where $i^2 = - 1.$ Let $S_n$ be the sum of the complex power sums of all nonempty subsets of $\{1,2,\ldots,n\}.$ Given that $S_8 = - 176 - 64i$ and $S_9 = p + qi,$ where $p$ and $q$ are integers, find $|p| + |q|.$

Solution

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