1983 AIME Problems/Problem 12
Diameter of a circle has length a -digit integer (base ten). Reversing the digits gives the length of the perpendicular chord . The distance from their intersection point to the center is a positive rational number. Determine the length of .
Let and . It follows that and . Scale up this triangle by 2 to ease the arithmetic. Applying the Pythagorean Theorem on , and , we deduce
Because is a positive rational number and and are integral, the quantity must be a perfect square. Hence either or must be a multiple of , but as and are different digits, , so the only possible multiple of is itself. However, cannot be 11, because both must be digits. Therefore, must equal and must be a perfect square. The only pair that satisfies this condition is , so our answer is . (Therefore and .)
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