# 2005 AIME I Problems

 2005 AIME I (Answer Key) Printable version | AoPS Contest Collections Instructions This is a 15-question, 3-hour examination. All answers are integers ranging from $000$ to $999$, inclusive. Your score will be the number of correct answers; i.e., there is neither partial credit nor a penalty for wrong answers. No aids other than scratch paper, graph paper, ruler, compass, and protractor are permitted. In particular, calculators and computers are not permitted. 1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15

## Problem 1

Six congruent circles form a ring with each circle externally tangent to two circles adjacent to it. All circles are internally tangent to a circle $C$ with radius 30. Let $K$ be the area of the region inside circle $C$ and outside of the six circles in the ring. Find $\lfloor K \rfloor.$

## Problem 2

For each positive integer $k,$ let $S_k$ denote the increasing arithmetic sequence of integers whose first term is 1 and whose common difference is $k.$ For example, $S_3$ is the sequence $1,4,7,10,\ldots.$ For how many values of $k$ does $S_k$ contain the term 2005?

## Problem 3

How many positive integers have exactly three proper divisors (positive integral divisors excluding itself), each of which is less than 50?

## Problem 4

The director of a marching band wishes to place the members into a formation that includes all of them and has no unfilled positions. If they are arranged in a square formation, there are 5 members left over. The director realizes that if he arranges the group in a formation with 7 more rows than columns, there are no members left over. Find the maximum number of members this band can have.

## Problem 5

Robert has 4 indistinguishable gold coins and 4 indistinguishable silver coins. Each coin has an engraving of one face on one side, but not on the other. He wants to stack the eight coins on a table into a single stack so that no two adjacent coins are face to face. Find the number of possible distinguishable arrangements of the 8 coins.

## Problem 6

Let $P$ be the product of the nonreal roots of $x^4-4x^3+6x^2-4x=2005.$ Find $\lfloor P\rfloor.$

## Problem 7

In quadrilateral $ABCD, BC=8, CD=12, AD=10,$ and $m\angle A= m\angle B = 60^\circ.$ Given that $AB = p + \sqrt{q},$ where $p$ and $q$ are positive integers, find $p+q.$

## Problem 8

The equation $2^{333x-2} + 2^{111x+2} = 2^{222x+1} + 1$ has three real roots. Given that their sum is $\frac mn$ where $m$ and $n$ are relatively prime positive integers, find $m+n.$

## Problem 9

Twenty-seven unit cubes are painted orange on a set of four faces so that the two unpainted faces share an edge. The 27 cubes are then randomly arranged to form a $3\times 3 \times 3$ cube. Given that the probability that the entire surface of the larger cube is orange is $\frac{p^a}{q^br^c},$ where $p,q,$ and $r$ are distinct primes and $a,b,$ and $c$ are positive integers, find $a+b+c+p+q+r.$

## Problem 10

Triangle $ABC$ lies in the Cartesian Plane and has an area of 70. The coordinates of $B$ and $C$ are $(12,19)$ and $(23,20),$ respectively, and the coordinates of $A$ are $(p,q).$ The line containing the median to side $BC$ has slope $-5.$ Find the largest possible value of $p+q.$

## Problem 11

A semicircle with diameter $d$ is contained in a square whose sides have length 8. Given the maximum value of $d$ is $m - \sqrt{n},$ find $m+n.$

## Problem 12

For positive integers $n,$ let $\tau (n)$ denote the number of positive integer divisors of $n,$ including 1 and $n.$ For example, $\tau (1)=1$ and $\tau(6) =4.$ Define $S(n)$ by $S(n)=\tau(1)+ \tau(2) + \cdots + \tau(n).$ Let $a$ denote the number of positive integers $n \leq 2005$ with $S(n)$ odd, and let $b$ denote the number of positive integers $n \leq 2005$ with $S(n)$ even. Find $|a-b|.$

## Problem 13

A particle moves in the Cartesian Plane according to the following rules:

1. From any lattice point $(a,b),$ the particle may only move to $(a+1,b), (a,b+1),$ or $(a+1,b+1).$
2. There are no right angle turns in the particle's path.

How many different paths can the particle take from $(0,0)$ to $(5,5)$?

## Problem 14

Consider the points $A(0,12), B(10,9), C(8,0),$ and $D(-4,7).$ There is a unique square $S$ such that each of the four points is on a different side of $S.$ Let $K$ be the area of $S.$ Find the remainder when $10K$ is divided by 1000.

## Problem 15

Triangle $ABC$ has $BC=20.$ The incircle of the triangle evenly trisects the median $AD.$ If the area of the triangle is $m \sqrt{n}$ where $m$ and $n$ are integers and $n$ is not divisible by the square of a prime, find $m+n.$

The problems on this page are copyrighted by the Mathematical Association of America's American Mathematics Competitions. 