2007 Cyprus MO/Lyceum/Problem 15
Problem
The reflex angles of the concave octagon measure each. Diagonals and are perpendicular, bisect each other, and are both equal to .
The area of the octagon is
Solution
The problem statement apparently misses one crucial piece of information: the fact that all the sides of the octagon are equal. Without this fact the octagon area is not uniquely determined. For example, we could move point along a suitable arc (the locus of all points such that is ), and as this would change the height from to , it would change the area of the triangle , and hence the area of the octagon.
With this additional assumption we can compute the area of as the area of the square (which is obviously ), minus four times the area of .
In the triangle , we have . Let be the foot of the height from onto . As , bisects . As the angle is , the angle is .
We now have . Hence .
Then the area of triangle is .
Hence the area of the given octogon is .
See also
2007 Cyprus MO, Lyceum (Problems) | ||
Preceded by Problem 14 |
Followed by Problem 16 | |
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