2007 iTest Problems/Problem 10
Contents
Problem
My grandparents are Arthur, Bertha, Christoph, and Dolores. My oldest grandparent is only years older than my youngest grandparent. Each grandfather is two years older than his wife. If Bertha is younger than Dolores, what is the difference between Bertha’s age and the mean of my grandparents’ ages?
Solution
Let the youngest grandparent's age be . The youngest grandparent must be a woman because each grandfather is two years older than his wife. That means the oldest grandparent's age (a grandfather) is , the older grandmother's age is , and the younger grandfather's age is . Because Bertha is younger than Dolores, Bertha is the youngest grandparent of them all. Since the average age of the grandparents is , the difference between Bertha's age and the mean of the grandparents' ages is years.
Solution 2
Let the youngest grandparent's age by just like in the previous solution. We can make a table and fill it out:
| x+4 | x+3 | x+2 | x+1 | x ----------------------------- A | | | | | B | | | | | C | | | | | D | | | | |
Since each grandfather is years older than his wife, then we can cross out some things already in the table:
| x+4 | x+3 | x+2 | x+1 | x ----------------------------- A | | | | X | X B | | | | | C | | | | X | X D | | | | |
Then, since Dolores is older than Bertha, Bertha is the youngest. Thus, her age is So, since the average is the answer is
See Also
2007 iTest (Problems) | ||
Preceded by: Problem 9 |
Followed by: Problem 11 | |
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