2019 AMC 10B Problems/Problem 6

The following problem is from both the 2019 AMC 10B #6 and 2019 AMC 12B #4, so both problems redirect to this page.

Problem

There is a positive integer $n$ such that $(n+1)! + (n+2)! = n! \cdot 440$. What is the sum of the digits of $n$?

$\textbf{(A) }3\qquad\textbf{(B) }8\qquad\textbf{(C) }10\qquad\textbf{(D) }11\qquad\textbf{(E) }12$

Solution

Solution 1

\[\begin{split}& (n+1)n! + (n+2)(n+1)n! = 440 \cdot n! \\ \Rightarrow \ &n![n+1 + (n+2)(n+1)] = 440 \cdot n! \\ \Rightarrow \ &n + 1 + n^2 + 3n + 2 = 440 \\ \Rightarrow \ &n^2 + 4n - 437 = 0\end{split}\]

Solving by the quadratic formula, $n = \frac{-4\pm \sqrt{16+437\cdot4}}{2} = \frac{-4\pm 42}{2} = \frac{38}{2} = 19$ (since clearly $n \geq 0$). The answer is therefore $1 + 9 = \boxed{\textbf{(C) }10}$.

Solution 2

Dividing both sides by $n!$ gives \[(n+1)+(n+2)(n+1)=440 \Rightarrow n^2+4n-437=0 \Rightarrow (n-19)(n+23)=0.\] Since $n$ is non-negative, $n=19$. The answer is $1 + 9 = \boxed{\textbf{(C) }10}$.

Solution 3

Dividing both sides by $n!$ as before gives $(n+1)+(n+1)(n+2)=440$. Now factor out $(n+1)$, giving $(n+1)(n+3)=440$. By considering the prime factorization of $440$, a bit of experimentation gives us $n+1=20$ and $n+3=22$, so $n=19$, so the answer is $1 + 9 = \boxed{\textbf{(C) }10}$.

Video Solution

https://youtu.be/7xf_g3YQk00

~IceMatrix

https://youtu.be/6YFN_hwotUk

~savannahsolver

See Also

2019 AMC 10B (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 5
Followed by
Problem 7
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AMC 10 Problems and Solutions
2019 AMC 12B (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 3
Followed by
Problem 5
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AMC 12 Problems and Solutions

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