2019 AMC 8 Problems/Problem 17

Problem

What is the value of the product

\[\left(\frac{1\cdot3}{2\cdot2}\right)\left(\frac{2\cdot4}{3\cdot3}\right)\left(\frac{3\cdot5}{4\cdot4}\right)\cdots\left(\frac{97\cdot99}{98\cdot98}\right)\left(\frac{98\cdot100}{99\cdot99}\right)?\]

$\textbf{(A) }\frac{1}{2}\qquad\textbf{(B) }\frac{50}{99}\qquad\textbf{(C) }\frac{9800}{9801}\qquad\textbf{(D) }\frac{100}{99}\qquad\textbf{(E) }50$

Solution 1 (Telescoping)

We rewrite: \[\frac{1}{2}\cdot\left(\frac{3\cdot2}{2\cdot3}\right)\left(\frac{4\cdot3}{3\cdot4}\right)\cdots\left(\frac{99\cdot98}{98\cdot99}\right)\cdot\frac{100}{99}\]

The middle terms cancel, leaving us with

\[\left(\frac{1\cdot100}{2\cdot99}\right)= \boxed{\textbf{(B)}\frac{50}{99}}\]

Solution 2

If you calculate the first few values of the equation, all of the values tend to close to $\frac{1}{2}$, but are not equal to it. The answer closest to $\frac{1}{2}$ but not equal to it is $\boxed{\textbf{(B)}\frac{50}{99}}$.

Solution 3

Rewriting the numerator and the denominator, we get $\frac{\frac{100! \cdot 98!}{2}}{\left(99!\right)^2}$. We can simplify by canceling 99! on both sides, leaving us with: $\frac{100 \cdot 98!}{2 \cdot 99!}$ We rewrite $99!$ as $99 \cdot 98!$ and cancel $98!$, which gets $\boxed{(B)\frac{50}{99}}$.

Solution 4

All of the terms have the form $\frac{k^2-1}{k^2}$, which is $<1$, so the product is $<1$, so we eliminate options (D) and (E). (C) is too close to 1 to be possible. The partial products seem to be approaching 1/2, so we guess that 1/2 is the limit/asymptote, and so any finite product would be slightly larger than 1/2. Therefore, by process of elimination and a small guess, we get that the answer is (B) $\boxed{50/99}$.

Video Solution 1

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yPQmvyVyvaM

Associated video

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ffHl1dAjs7g&list=PLLCzevlMcsWNBsdpItBT4r7Pa8cZb6Viu&index=1

~ MathEx

Video Solution 2

Solution detailing how to solve the problem:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VezsRMJvGPs&list=PLbhMrFqoXXwmwbk2CWeYOYPRbGtmdPUhL&index=18

Video Solution 3

https://youtu.be/e1EJNZu-jxM

~savannahsolver

Video Solution 3(an Elegant way)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=la3en2tgBN0

Video Solution 4 by OmegaLearn

https://youtu.be/TkZvMa30Juo?t=3326

~ pi_is_3.14

See Also

2019 AMC 8 (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 16
Followed by
Problem 18
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All AJHSME/AMC 8 Problems and Solutions

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