2019 AMC 8 Problems/Problem 9

Problem 9

Alex and Felicia each have cats as pets. Alex buys cat food in cylindrical cans that are $6$ cm in diameter and $12$ cm high. Felicia buys cat food in cylindrical cans that are $12$ cm in diameter and $6$ cm high. What is the ratio of the volume of one of Alex's cans to the volume of one of Felicia's cans?

$\textbf{(A) }1:4\qquad\textbf{(B) }1:2\qquad\textbf{(C) }1:1\qquad\textbf{(D) }2:1\qquad\textbf{(E) }4:1$

Solution 1

Using the formula for the volume of a cylinder, we get Alex, $108\pi$, and Felicia, $216\pi$. We can quickly notice that $\pi$ cancels out on both sides and that Alex's volume is $1/2$ of Felicia's leaving $1/2 = \boxed{1:2}$ as the answer.

~aopsav

Solution 2

Using the formula for the volume of a cylinder, we get that the volume of Alex's can is $3^2\cdot12\cdot\pi$, and that the volume of Felicia's can is $6^2\cdot6\cdot\pi$. Now, we divide the volume of Alex's can by the volume of Felicia's can, so we get $\frac{1}{2}$, which is $\boxed{\textbf{(B)}\ 1:2}$.

-(Algebruh123)2020

Solution 3

The ratio of the numbers is $1/2$. Looking closely at the formula $r^2 * h * \pi$, we see that the $r * h * \pi$ will cancel, meaning that the ratio of them will be $\frac{1(2)}{2(2)}$ = $\boxed{\textbf{(B)}\ 1:2}$.

-Lcz

Solution 4

The second can is $\cdot 2$ size in each of 2 dimensions, and $\cdot 1/2$ size in 1 dimension. $2^2/2 = \boxed{\textbf{(B)}\ 1:2}$.

~oinava

Solution 5

Without calculating much, you can do ($\pi ra^2) \cdot ha$ <-- which is Alex's volume, with ra being Alex's radius$(1/2 \cdot$ diameter), and $ha$ being her cylinders height$(\pi rf^2) \cdot hf <--$which is Felicia's volume, with $rf$ being Felicia's radius, and $hf$ being her cylinders height. Since we need the ratio between Alexa's and Felicias, we can do $(\pi ra^2)\cdot ha/(\pi rf^2)\cdot hf$ The $\pi$ cancel out, then substitute back in the numbers, which gives you:

$(3^2 \cdot 12)/(6^2 \cdot 6) = (9 \cdot 12)/(36 \cdot 6) = 18/36 = 1/2 = 1:2$

-wahahaqueenie

Video Solution by Math-X (Extremely simple approach!!!)

~Math-X

The Learning Royal : https://youtu.be/8njQzoztDGc

~ pi_is_3.14

Video Solution

Solution detailing how to solve the problem: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G-gEdWP0S9M&list=PLbhMrFqoXXwmwbk2CWeYOYPRbGtmdPUhL&index=10

~savannahsolver

Video Solution

~Education, the Study of Everything

~Hayabusa1