2019 AMC 8 Problems/Problem 22

Problem 22

A store increased the original price of a shirt by a certain percent and then lowered the new price by the same amount. Given that the resulting price was $84\%$ of the original price, by what percent was the price increased and decreased?

$\textbf{(A) }16\qquad\textbf{(B) }20\qquad\textbf{(C) }28\qquad\textbf{(D) }36\qquad\textbf{(E) }40$

Solution 1

Suppose the fraction of discount is $x$. That means $(1-x)(1+x)=0.84$; so $1-x^{2}=0.84$, and $(x^{2})=0.16$, obtaining $x=0.4$. Therefore, the price was increased and decreased by $40$%, or $\boxed{\textbf{(E)}\ 40}$.

Solution 2 (Answer options)

Let the price be 100 and then trying for each option leads to $\boxed{\textbf{(E)}\ 40}$.

-phoenixfire

Solution 3

Let x be the discount. We can also work in reverse such as ($84$)$(\frac{100}{100-x})$$(\frac{100}{100+x})$ = $100$.

Thus $8400$ = $(100+x)(100-x)$. Solving for $x$ gives us $x = 40, -40$. But $x$ has to be positive. Thus $x$ = $40$.

~phoenixfire

Video explaining solution

https://youtu.be/gX_l0PGsQao

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_TheVi-6LWE

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RcBDdB35Whk&list=PLLCzevlMcsWNBsdpItBT4r7Pa8cZb6Viu&index=4 ~ MathEx

See Also

2019 AMC 8 (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 21
Followed by
Problem 23
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AJHSME/AMC 8 Problems and Solutions

The problems on this page are copyrighted by the Mathematical Association of America's American Mathematics Competitions. AMC logo.png

Invalid username
Login to AoPS