2019 AMC 8 Problems/Problem 25

Problem 25

Alice has $24$ apples. In how many ways can she share them with Becky and Chris so that each of the three people has at least two apples? $\textbf{(A) }105\qquad\textbf{(B) }114\qquad\textbf{(C) }190\qquad\textbf{(D) }210\qquad\textbf{(E) }380$

Solution 1 (Stars and Bars/Sticks and Stones)

Note: This solution uses the non-negative version for stars and bars. A solution using the positive version of stars is similar (first removing an apple from each person instead of 2).

This method uses the counting method of stars and bars (non-negative version). Since each person must have at least $2$ apples, we can remove $2*3$ apples from the total that need to be sorted. With the remaining $18$ apples, we can use stars and bars to determine the number of possibilities. Assume there are $18$ stars in a row, and $2$ bars, which will be placed to separate the stars into groups of $3$. In total, there are $18$ spaces for stars $+ 2$ spaces for bars, for a total of $20$ spaces. We can now do $20 \choose 2$. This is because if we choose distinct $2$ spots for the bars to be placed, each combo of $3$ groups will be different, and all apples will add up to $18$. We can also do this because the apples are indistinguishable. $20 \choose 2$ is $190$, therefore the answer is $\boxed{\textbf{(C) }190}$.

~goofytaipan91

Consider an unordered triple $(a,b,c)$ where $a+b+c=24$ and $a,b,c$ are not necessarily distinct. Then, we will either have $1$, $3$, or $6$ distinguishable ways to assign $a$, $b$, and $c$ to Alice, Becky, and Chris. Thus, our answer will be $x+3y+6z$ for some nonnegative integers $x,y,z$. Notice that we only have $1$ way to assign the numbers $a,b,c$ to Alice, Becky, and Chris when $a=b=c$. As this only happens $1$ way ($a=b=c=8$), our answer is $1+3y+6z$ for some $y,z$. Finally, notice that this implies the answer is $1$ mod $3$. The only answer choice that satisfies this is $\boxed{\textbf{(C) }190}$.

-BorealBear

Solution 3

Since each person needs to have at least two apples, we can simply give each person two, leaving $24 - 2\times3=18$ apples. For the remaining apples, if Alice is going to have $a$ apples, Becky is going to have $b$ apples, and Chris is going to have $c$ apples, we have indeterminate equation $a+b+c=18$. Currently, we can see that $0 \leq a\leq 18$ where $a$ is an integer, and when $a$ equals any number in the range, there will be $18-a+1=19-a$ sets of values for $b$ and $c$. Thus, there are $19 + 18 + 17 + \cdots + 1 = \boxed{\textbf{(C) }190}$ possible sets of values in total.

~Math-X

~ pi_is_3.14

~Hayabusa1

- Happytwin

~ MathEx

~savannahsolver