Difference between revisions of "2018 AMC 10B Problems/Problem 21"

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{{duplicate|[[2018 AMC 12B Problems|2018 AMC 12B #19]] and [[2018 AMC 10B Problems|2018 AMC 10B #21]]}}
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==Problem==
 
==Problem==
Mary chose an even <math>4</math>-digit number <math>n</math>. She wrote down all the divisors of <math>n</math> in increasing order from left to right: <math>1,2,...,\dfrac{n}{2},n</math>. At some moment Mary wrote <math>323</math> as a divisor of <math>n</math>. What is the smallest possible value of the next divisor written to the right of <math>323</math>?
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Mary chose an even <math>4</math>-digit number <math>n</math>. She wrote down all the divisors of <math>n</math> in increasing order from left to right: <math>1,2,\ldots,\dfrac{n}{2},n</math>. At some moment Mary wrote <math>323</math> as a divisor of <math>n</math>. What is the smallest possible value of the next divisor written to the right of <math>323</math>?
  
 
<math>\textbf{(A) } 324 \qquad \textbf{(B) } 330 \qquad \textbf{(C) } 340 \qquad \textbf{(D) } 361 \qquad \textbf{(E) } 646</math>
 
<math>\textbf{(A) } 324 \qquad \textbf{(B) } 330 \qquad \textbf{(C) } 340 \qquad \textbf{(D) } 361 \qquad \textbf{(E) } 646</math>
  
==Solution 1==
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==Solution 1 (Inequalities)==
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Let <math>d</math> be the next divisor written to the right of <math>323.</math>
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If <math>\gcd(323,d)=1,</math> then <cmath>n\geq323d>323^2>100^2=10000,</cmath> which contradicts the precondition that <math>n</math> is a <math>4</math>-digit number.
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It follows that <math>\gcd(323,d)>1.</math> Since <math>323=17\cdot19,</math> the smallest possible value of <math>d</math> is <math>17\cdot20=\boxed{\textbf{(C) } 340},</math> from which <cmath>n=\operatorname{lcm}(323,d)=17\cdot19\cdot20=6460.</cmath>
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~MRENTHUSIASM ~tdeng
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==Solution 2 (Inequalities)==
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Let <math>d</math> be the next divisor written to the right of <math>323.</math>
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Since <math>n</math> is even and <math>323=17\cdot19,</math> we have <math>n=2\cdot17\cdot19\cdot k=646k</math> for some positive integer <math>k.</math> Moreover, since <math>1000\leq n\leq9998,</math> we get <math>2\leq k\leq15.</math> As <math>d>323,</math> it is clear that <math>d</math> must be divisible by <math>17</math> or <math>19</math> or both.
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Therefore, the smallest possible value of <math>d</math> is <math>17\cdot20=\boxed{\textbf{(C) } 340},</math> from which <cmath>n=\operatorname{lcm}(323,d)=17\cdot19\cdot20=6460.</cmath>
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~MRENTHUSIASM ~bjhhar
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==Solution 3 (Answer Choices)==
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Since prime factorizing <math>323</math> gives you <math>17 \cdot 19</math>, the desired answer needs to be a multiple of <math>17</math> or <math>19</math>, this is because if it is not a multiple of <math>17</math> or <math>19</math>, <math>n</math> will be more than a <math>4</math> digit number. For example, if the answer were to instead be <math>324</math>, <math>n</math> would have to be a multiple of <math>2^2\cdot3^4\cdot17\cdot19</math> for both <math>323</math> and <math>324</math> to be a valid factor, meaning <math>n</math> would have to be at least <math>104652</math>, which is too big. Looking at the answer choices, <math>\textbf{(A)}</math> and <math>\textbf{(B)}</math> are both not a multiple of neither <math>17</math> nor <math>19</math>, <math>\textbf{(C)}</math> is divisible by <math>17</math>. <math>\textbf{(D)}</math> is divisible by <math>19</math>, and <math>\textbf{(E)}</math> is divisible by both <math>17</math> and <math>19</math>. Since <math>\boxed{\textbf{(C) } 340}</math> is the smallest number divisible by either <math>17</math> or <math>19</math> it is the answer. Checking, we can see that <math>n</math> would be <math>6460</math>, a <math>4</math>-digit number. Note that <math>n</math> is also divisible by <math>2</math>, one of the listed divisors of <math>n</math>. (If <math>n</math> was not divisible by <math>2</math>, we would need to look for a different divisor.)
  
Prime factorizing <math>323</math> gives you <math>17 \cdot 19</math>. Looking at the answer choices, <math>\fbox{(C) 340}</math> is the smallest number divisible by <math>17</math> or <math>19</math>.
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-Edited by Mathandski
  
==Solution 2==
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==Solution 4 (Answer Choices)==
Let the next largest divisor be <math>k</math>. Suppose <math>\gcd(k,323)=1</math>. Then, as <math>323|n, k|n</math>, therefore, <math>323\cdot k|n.</math> However, because <math>k>323</math>, <math>323k>323\cdot 324>9999</math>. Therefore, <math>\gcd(k,323)>1</math>. Note that <math>323=17\cdot 19</math>. Therefore, the smallest the gcd can be is <math>17</math> and our answer is <math>323+17=\boxed{\text{(C) }340}</math>.
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Note that <math>323</math> multiplied by any of the answer choices results in a <math>5</math> or <math>6</math>-digit <math>n</math>. So, we need a choice that shares a factor(s) with <math>323</math>, such that the factors we'll need to add to the prime factorization of <math>n</math> (in result to adding the chosen divisor) won't cause our number to multiply to more than <math>4</math> digits.
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The prime factorization of <math>323</math> is <math>17\cdot19</math>, and since we know <math>n</math> is even, our answer needs to be
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* even
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* has a factor of <math>17</math> or <math>19</math>
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We see <math>340</math> achieves this and is the smallest to do so (<math>646</math> being the other). So, we get <math>\boxed{\textbf{(C) } 340}</math>.
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~OGBooger (Solution)
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~Pearl2008 (Minor Edits)
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==Video Solution 1==
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https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qlHE_sAXiY8
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==Video Solution 2==
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https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KHaLXNAkDWE
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==Video Solution 3==
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https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vc1FHO9YYKQ
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~bunny1
  
 
==See Also==
 
==See Also==
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{{AMC12 box|year=2018|ab=B|num-b=18|num-a=20}}
 
{{AMC12 box|year=2018|ab=B|num-b=18|num-a=20}}
 
{{MAA Notice}}
 
{{MAA Notice}}
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[[Category:Intermediate Number Theory Problems]]

Latest revision as of 06:22, 19 October 2021

The following problem is from both the 2018 AMC 12B #19 and 2018 AMC 10B #21, so both problems redirect to this page.

Problem

Mary chose an even $4$-digit number $n$. She wrote down all the divisors of $n$ in increasing order from left to right: $1,2,\ldots,\dfrac{n}{2},n$. At some moment Mary wrote $323$ as a divisor of $n$. What is the smallest possible value of the next divisor written to the right of $323$?

$\textbf{(A) } 324 \qquad \textbf{(B) } 330 \qquad \textbf{(C) } 340 \qquad \textbf{(D) } 361 \qquad \textbf{(E) } 646$

Solution 1 (Inequalities)

Let $d$ be the next divisor written to the right of $323.$

If $\gcd(323,d)=1,$ then \[n\geq323d>323^2>100^2=10000,\] which contradicts the precondition that $n$ is a $4$-digit number.

It follows that $\gcd(323,d)>1.$ Since $323=17\cdot19,$ the smallest possible value of $d$ is $17\cdot20=\boxed{\textbf{(C) } 340},$ from which \[n=\operatorname{lcm}(323,d)=17\cdot19\cdot20=6460.\] ~MRENTHUSIASM ~tdeng

Solution 2 (Inequalities)

Let $d$ be the next divisor written to the right of $323.$

Since $n$ is even and $323=17\cdot19,$ we have $n=2\cdot17\cdot19\cdot k=646k$ for some positive integer $k.$ Moreover, since $1000\leq n\leq9998,$ we get $2\leq k\leq15.$ As $d>323,$ it is clear that $d$ must be divisible by $17$ or $19$ or both.

Therefore, the smallest possible value of $d$ is $17\cdot20=\boxed{\textbf{(C) } 340},$ from which \[n=\operatorname{lcm}(323,d)=17\cdot19\cdot20=6460.\] ~MRENTHUSIASM ~bjhhar

Solution 3 (Answer Choices)

Since prime factorizing $323$ gives you $17 \cdot 19$, the desired answer needs to be a multiple of $17$ or $19$, this is because if it is not a multiple of $17$ or $19$, $n$ will be more than a $4$ digit number. For example, if the answer were to instead be $324$, $n$ would have to be a multiple of $2^2\cdot3^4\cdot17\cdot19$ for both $323$ and $324$ to be a valid factor, meaning $n$ would have to be at least $104652$, which is too big. Looking at the answer choices, $\textbf{(A)}$ and $\textbf{(B)}$ are both not a multiple of neither $17$ nor $19$, $\textbf{(C)}$ is divisible by $17$. $\textbf{(D)}$ is divisible by $19$, and $\textbf{(E)}$ is divisible by both $17$ and $19$. Since $\boxed{\textbf{(C) } 340}$ is the smallest number divisible by either $17$ or $19$ it is the answer. Checking, we can see that $n$ would be $6460$, a $4$-digit number. Note that $n$ is also divisible by $2$, one of the listed divisors of $n$. (If $n$ was not divisible by $2$, we would need to look for a different divisor.)

-Edited by Mathandski

Solution 4 (Answer Choices)

Note that $323$ multiplied by any of the answer choices results in a $5$ or $6$-digit $n$. So, we need a choice that shares a factor(s) with $323$, such that the factors we'll need to add to the prime factorization of $n$ (in result to adding the chosen divisor) won't cause our number to multiply to more than $4$ digits. The prime factorization of $323$ is $17\cdot19$, and since we know $n$ is even, our answer needs to be

  • even
  • has a factor of $17$ or $19$

We see $340$ achieves this and is the smallest to do so ($646$ being the other). So, we get $\boxed{\textbf{(C) } 340}$.

~OGBooger (Solution)

~Pearl2008 (Minor Edits)

Video Solution 1

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qlHE_sAXiY8

Video Solution 2

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KHaLXNAkDWE

Video Solution 3

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vc1FHO9YYKQ

~bunny1

See Also

2018 AMC 10B (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 20
Followed by
Problem 22
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AMC 10 Problems and Solutions
2018 AMC 12B (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 18
Followed by
Problem 20
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AMC 12 Problems and Solutions

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