2019 AMC 10B Problems/Problem 23

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The following problem is from both the 2019 AMC 10B #23 and 2019 AMC 12B #20, so both problems redirect to this page.

Problem

Points $A(6,13)$ and $B(12,11)$ lie on circle $\omega$ in the plane. Suppose that the tangent lines to $\omega$ at $A$ and $B$ intersect at a point on the $x$-axis. What is the area of $\omega$?

$\textbf{(A) }\frac{83\pi}{8}\qquad\textbf{(B) }\frac{21\pi}{2}\qquad\textbf{(C) } \frac{85\pi}{8}\qquad\textbf{(D) }\frac{43\pi}{4}\qquad\textbf{(E) }\frac{87\pi}{8}$

Solution 1

First, observe that the two tangent lines are of identical length. Therefore, suppose the intersection was $(x, 0)$. Using Pythagorean Theorem gives $x=5$.

Notice (due to the right angles formed by a radius and its tangent line) that the quadrilateral (kite) defined by circle center, $A$, $B$, and $(5, 0)$ form a cyclic quadrilateral. Therefore, we can use Ptolemy's theorem:

$2\sqrt{170}x = d * \sqrt{40}$, where $d$ represents the distance between circle center and $(5, 0)$. Therefore, $d = \sqrt{17}x$. Using Pythagorean Theorem on $(5, 0)$, either one of $A$ or $B$, and the circle center, we realize that $170 + x^2 = 17x^2$, at which point $x^2 = \frac{85}{8}$, so the answer is $\boxed{\textbf{(C) }\frac{85}{8}\pi}$.

Solution 2

First, follow solution 1 and obtain $x=5$. Label the point $(5,0)$ as point $C$. The midpoint $M$ of segment $AB$ is $(9, 12)$. Notice that the center of the circle must lie on the line that goes through the points $C$ and $M$. Thus, the center of the circle lies on the line $y=3x-15$.

Line $AC$ is $y=13x-65$. The perpendicular line must pass through $A(6, 13)$ and $(x, 3x-15)$. The slope of the perpendicular line is $-\frac{1}{13}$. The line is hence $y=-\frac{x}{13}+\frac{175}{13}$. The point $(x, 3x-15)$ lies on this line. Therefore, $3x-15=-\frac{x}{13}+\frac{175}{13}$. Solving this equation tells us that $x=\frac{37}{4}$. So the center of the circle is $(\frac{37}{4}, \frac{51}{4})$. The distance between the center, $(\frac{37}{4}, \frac{51}{4})$, and point A is $\frac{\sqrt{170}}{4}$. Hence, the area is $\frac{85}{8}\pi$. The answer is $\boxed{\textbf{(C) }\frac{85}{8}\pi}$.

Solution 3

The mid point of AB is D(9,12), suppose the tanget lines at A and B intersect at C(a,0)on X axis, CD would be the perpendicular bisector of AB. Suppose the center of circle is O, then triangle AOC is similiar to DAC, that is OA/AC=AD/DC. The slope of AB is (13-11)/(6-12)=-1/3, therefore the slope of CD will be 3. the equation of CD is y-12=3*(x-9), that is y=3x-15, let y=0, we have x=5, which is the x coordiante of C(5,0)

AC=sqrt((6-5)^2+(13-0)^2)=sqrt(170) AD=sqrt((6-9)^2)+(13-12)^2)=sqrt(10) DC=sqrt((9-5)^2+(12-0)^2)=aqrt(160) Therefore OA=AC*AD/DC=sqrt(85/5) Consequently, the area of the circle is pi*OA^2=pi*85/5 (by Zhen Qin) (P.S. Will someone please Latex this?)

See Also

2019 AMC 10B (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 22
Followed by
Problem 24
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AMC 10 Problems and Solutions
2019 AMC 12B (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 19
Followed by
Problem 21
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AMC 12 Problems and Solutions

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