Difference between revisions of "2019 AMC 12B Problems/Problem 13"
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+ | {{duplicate|[[2019 AMC 10B Problems|2019 AMC 10B #17]] and [[2019 AMC 12B Problems|2019 AMC 12B #13]]}} | ||
==Problem== | ==Problem== | ||
− | A red ball and a green ball are randomly and independently tossed into bins numbered with the positive integers so that for each ball, the probability that it is tossed into bin <math>k</math> is <math>2^{-k}</math> for <math>k = 1,2,3....</math> What is the probability that the red ball is tossed into a higher-numbered bin than the green ball? | + | A red ball and a green ball are randomly and independently tossed into bins numbered with the positive integers so that for each ball, the probability that it is tossed into bin <math>k</math> is <math>2^{-k}</math> for <math>k = 1,2,3....</math> What is the probability that the red ball is tossed into a higher-numbered bin than the green ball?<br> |
+ | <math>\textbf{(A) } \frac{1}{4} \qquad\textbf{(B) } \frac{2}{7} \qquad\textbf{(C) } \frac{1}{3} \qquad\textbf{(D) } \frac{3}{8} \qquad\textbf{(E) } \frac{3}{7}</math> | ||
==Solution== | ==Solution== | ||
− | + | The probability of the red ball landing in a higher-numbered bin is the same as the probability of the green ball landing in a higher numbered bin. The probability of both landing in the same bin is <math>\sum_{k=1}^{\infty}2^{-2k}</math>. The sum is equal to <math>\frac{1}{3}</math>. Therefore the other two probabilities have to both be <math>\textbf{(C) } \frac{1}{3}</math>.<br> | |
+ | <math>Q.E.D\blacksquare</math><br> | ||
+ | Solution by [[User:a1b2|a1b2]] | ||
==See Also== | ==See Also== | ||
+ | {{AMC10 box|year=2019|ab=B|num-b=16|num-a=18}} | ||
{{AMC12 box|year=2019|ab=B|num-b=12|num-a=14}} | {{AMC12 box|year=2019|ab=B|num-b=12|num-a=14}} | ||
+ | {{MAA Notice}} |
Revision as of 13:52, 14 February 2019
- The following problem is from both the 2019 AMC 10B #17 and 2019 AMC 12B #13, so both problems redirect to this page.
Problem
A red ball and a green ball are randomly and independently tossed into bins numbered with the positive integers so that for each ball, the probability that it is tossed into bin is for What is the probability that the red ball is tossed into a higher-numbered bin than the green ball?
Solution
The probability of the red ball landing in a higher-numbered bin is the same as the probability of the green ball landing in a higher numbered bin. The probability of both landing in the same bin is . The sum is equal to . Therefore the other two probabilities have to both be .
Solution by a1b2
See Also
2019 AMC 10B (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | ||
Preceded by Problem 16 |
Followed by Problem 18 | |
1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 • 16 • 17 • 18 • 19 • 20 • 21 • 22 • 23 • 24 • 25 | ||
All AMC 10 Problems and Solutions |
2019 AMC 12B (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | |
Preceded by Problem 12 |
Followed by Problem 14 |
1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 • 16 • 17 • 18 • 19 • 20 • 21 • 22 • 23 • 24 • 25 | |
All AMC 12 Problems and Solutions |
The problems on this page are copyrighted by the Mathematical Association of America's American Mathematics Competitions.