# Difference between revisions of "2019 AMC 8 Problems/Problem 13"

## Problem 13

A palindrome is a number that has the same value when read from left to right or from right to left. (For example, 12321 is a palindrome.) Let $N$ be the least three-digit integer which is not a palindrome but which is the sum of three distinct two-digit palindromes. What is the sum of the digits of $N$? $\textbf{(A) }2\qquad\textbf{(B) }3\qquad\textbf{(C) }4\qquad\textbf{(D) }5\qquad\textbf{(E) }6$

## Solution 1

Note that the only positive 2-digit palindromes are multiples of 11, namely $11, 22, \ldots, 99$. Since $N$ is the sum of 2-digit palindromes, $N$ is necessarily a multiple of 11. The smallest 3-digit multiple of 11 which is not a palindrome is 110, so $N=110$ is a candidate solution. We must check that 110 can be written as the sum of three distinct 2-digit palindromes; this suffices as $110=77+22+11$. Then $N = 110$, and the sum of the digits of $N$ is $1+1+0 = \boxed{\textbf{(A) }2}$.

• Another set of 2-digit numbers is $110 = 11+33+66$

## Solution 2 (variant of Solution 1)

We already know that two-digit palindromes can only be two-digit multiples of 11; which are: $11, 22, 33, 44, 55, 66, 77, 88, and 99$. Since this is clear, we will need to find out the least multiple of 11 that is not a palindrome. Then we start counting. $110 \ldots$ Aha! This multiple of 11, 110, not only isn’t a palindrome, but it also is the sum of three distinct two-digit palindromes, for example: 11 + 22 + 77, 22 + 33 + 55, and 44 + 11 + 55! The sum of $N$’s digits is $1+1+0 = \boxed{\textbf{(A) }2}$.

## Video Solution

Solution detailing how to solve the problem: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PJpDJ23sOJM&list=PLbhMrFqoXXwmwbk2CWeYOYPRbGtmdPUhL&index=14

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