# 2019 AMC 8 Problems/Problem 13

## Problem 13

A palindrome is a number that has the same value when read from left to right or from right to left. (For example, 12321 is a palindrome.) Let $N$ be the least three-digit integer which is not a palindrome but which is the sum of three distinct two-digit palindromes. What is the sum of the digits of $N$?

$\textbf{(A) }2\qquad\textbf{(B) }3\qquad\textbf{(C) }4\qquad\textbf{(D) }5\qquad\textbf{(E) }6$

## Solution 1

Note that the only positive 2-digit palindromes are multiples of 11, namely $11, 22, \ldots, 99$. Since $N$ is the sum of 2-digit palindromes, $N$ is necessarily a multiple of 11. The smallest 3-digit multiple of 11 which is not a palindrome is 110, so $N=110$ is a candidate solution. We must check that 110 can be written as the sum of three distinct 2-digit palindromes; this suffices as $110=77+22+11$. Then, $N = 110$, and the sum of the digits of $N$ is $1+1+0 = \boxed{\textbf{(A) }2}$.

• There are other sets of 2-digit numbers that satisfy this rule. Some of them are $110 = 11+33+66$ and $110 = 22+33+55$

## Solution 2 (variant of Solution 1)

We already know that two-digit palindromes can only be two-digit multiples of 11; which are: $11, 22, 33, 44, 55, 66, 77, 88,$ and $99$. Since this is clear, we will need to find out the least multiple of 11 that is not a palindrome. Then, we start counting. $110 \ldots$ Aha! This multiple of 11, 110, not only isn’t a palindrome, but it also is the sum of three distinct two-digit palindromes, for example: 11 + 22 + 77, 22 + 33 + 55, and 44 + 11 + 55! The sum of $N$’s digits is $1+1+0 = \boxed{\textbf{(A) }2}$.

Thank you to the writer of Solution 1 for inspiring me to create this!

EarthSaver 15:13, 11 June 2021 (EDT)

## Solution 3 (basically a version of the above solutions)

As stated above, two-digit palindromes can only be two-digit multiples of 11. We can see that if we add anything that are multiples of 11 together, we will again get a multiple of 11. For instance, $11+22=33$. Since we know this fact and we are finding the smallest value possible, we can start with the first three-digit multiple of 11 which is $110$. Since this is not a palindrome and can be the sum of 3 two-digit palindromes (see above solutions for more details), $110$ fits the bill. We can see that the sum of $110$ 's digits is $1+1+0 = \boxed{\textbf{(A) }2}$.

~yeye

## Video Solution 1

https://youtu.be/gOZOCFNXMhE ~ The Learning Royal

## Video Solution 3

Solution detailing how to solve the problem: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PJpDJ23sOJM&list=PLbhMrFqoXXwmwbk2CWeYOYPRbGtmdPUhL&index=14

~savannahsolver

## Video Solution (CREATIVE ANALYSIS!!!)

~Education, the Study of Everything

~Hayabusa1