2019 AMC 8 Problems/Problem 2

Problem

Three identical rectangles are put together to form rectangle $ABCD$, as shown in the figure below. Given that the length of the shorter side of each of the smaller rectangles is 5 feet, what is the area in square feet of rectangle $ABCD$?

$[asy] draw((0,0)--(3,0)); draw((0,0)--(0,2)); draw((0,2)--(3,2)); draw((3,2)--(3,0)); dot((0,0)); dot((0,2)); dot((3,0)); dot((3,2)); draw((2,0)--(2,2)); draw((0,1)--(2,1)); label("A",(0,0),S); label("B",(3,0),S); label("C",(3,2),N); label("D",(0,2),N); [/asy]$

$\textbf{(A) }45\qquad\textbf{(B) }75\qquad\textbf{(C) }100\qquad\textbf{(D) }125\qquad\textbf{(E) }150$

Solutions

Solution 1

We can see that there are $2$ rectangles lying on top of the other and that is the same as the length of one rectangle. Now we know that the shorter side is $5$, if we take the information of the problem, and the bigger side is $10$, if we do $5 \cdot 2 = 10$. Now we get the sides of the big rectangles being $15$ and $10$, so the area is $\boxed{\textbf{(E)}\ 150}$. ~avamarora

Solution 2

Using the diagram we find that the larger side of the small rectangle is $2$ times the length of the smaller side. Therefore, the longer side is $5 \cdot 2 = 10$. So the area of the identical rectangles is $5 \cdot 10 = 50$. We have 3 identical rectangles that form the large rectangle. Therefore the area of the large rectangle is $50 \cdot 3 = \boxed{\textbf{(E)}\ 150}$. ~~fath2012

Solution 3

We see that if the short sides are 5, the long side has to be $5\cdot2=10$ because the long side is equal to the 2 short sides and because the rectangles are congruent. If that is to be, then the long side of the BIG rectangle(rectangle $ABCD$) is $10+5=15$ because long side + short side of the small rectangle is $15$. The short side of rectangle $ABCD$ is $10$ because it is the long side of the short rectangle. Multiplying $15$ and $10$ together gets us $15\cdot10$ which is $\boxed{\textbf{(E)}\ 150}$. ~~mathboy282

Solution 4

We see that the $2$ rectangles lying on top of each other give us the height of the rectangle. Using what we know, we can find out that the $2$ rectangles put together is a square. So, we can infer that the length of the rectangles is $10$. Adding that to the width of the third rectangle which is $5$, we get that the length of the rectangle is $15$. Multiplying $10$ and $15$ gives us $15\cdot10$ which is $\boxed{\textbf{(E)}\ 150}$. ~~awesomepony566

Video Solution

The Learning Royal: https://youtu.be/IiFFDDITE6Q

Video Solution 2

Solution detailing how to solve the problem: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eEqtoI8BQKE&list=PLbhMrFqoXXwmwbk2CWeYOYPRbGtmdPUhL&index=3

Solution 5

There are two rectangles lying on the side and one standing up. Given that one small side is 5, we can determine that two of the small sides make up a big side which means that the long side is equal to 10. The top side of the rectangle is made up of one small side and one long side, therefore the dimensions for the rectangle is 10x15. 10 multiplied by 15 is 150, hence the answer $\boxed{\textbf{(E)}\ 150}$. ~elenafan

~savannahsolver

~ pi_is_3.14

Video Solution (CREATIVE THINKING!!!)

~Education, the Study of Everything

~Hayabusa1