Difference between revisions of "2020 AMC 10A Problems/Problem 7"

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==Problem 7==
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==Problem==
 
The <math>25</math> integers from <math>-10</math> to <math>14,</math> inclusive, can be arranged to form a <math>5</math>-by-<math>5</math> square in which the sum of the numbers in each row, the sum of the numbers in each column, and the sum of the numbers along each of the main diagonals are all the same. What is the value of this common sum?
 
The <math>25</math> integers from <math>-10</math> to <math>14,</math> inclusive, can be arranged to form a <math>5</math>-by-<math>5</math> square in which the sum of the numbers in each row, the sum of the numbers in each column, and the sum of the numbers along each of the main diagonals are all the same. What is the value of this common sum?
  

Revision as of 18:35, 1 February 2020

Problem

The $25$ integers from $-10$ to $14,$ inclusive, can be arranged to form a $5$-by-$5$ square in which the sum of the numbers in each row, the sum of the numbers in each column, and the sum of the numbers along each of the main diagonals are all the same. What is the value of this common sum?

$\textbf{(A) }2 \qquad\textbf{(B) } 5\qquad\textbf{(C) } 10\qquad\textbf{(D) } 25\qquad\textbf{(E) } 50$

Solution

Without loss of generality, consider the five rows in the square. Each row must have the same sum of numbers, meaning that the sum of all the numbers in the square divided by $5$ is the total value per row. The sum of the $25$ integers is $-10+9+...+14=11+12+13+14=50$, and the common sum is $\frac{50}{5}=\boxed{\text{(C) }10}$.

Video Solution

https://youtu.be/JEjib74EmiY

~IceMatrix

See Also

2020 AMC 10A (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 6
Followed by
Problem 8
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AMC 10 Problems and Solutions
2020 AMC 12A (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 4
Followed by
Problem 6
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AMC 12 Problems and Solutions

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