# 2021 AMC 12B Problems/Problem 4

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The following problem is from both the 2021 AMC 10B #6 and 2021 AMC 12B #4, so both problems redirect to this page.

## Problem

Ms. Blackwell gives an exam to two classes. The mean of the scores of the students in the morning class is $84$, and the afternoon class's mean score is $70$. The ratio of the number of students in the morning class to the number of students in the afternoon class is $\frac{3}{4}$. What is the mean of the scores of all the students? $\textbf{(A)} ~74 \qquad\textbf{(B)} ~75 \qquad\textbf{(C)} ~76 \qquad\textbf{(D)} ~77 \qquad\textbf{(E)} ~78$

## Solution 1 (One Variable)

Let there be $3x$ students in the morning class and $4x$ students in the afternoon class. The total number of students is $3x + 4x = 7x$. The average is $\frac{3x\cdot84 + 4x\cdot70}{7x}=76$. Therefore, the answer is $\boxed{\textbf{(C)} ~76}$.

~ {TSun} ~

## Solution 2 (Two Variables)

Suppose the morning class has $m$ students and the afternoon class has $a$ students. We have the following table: $$\begin{array}{c|c|c|c} & & & \\ [-2.5ex] & \textbf{\# of Students} & \textbf{Mean} & \textbf{Total} \\ \hline & & & \\ [-2.5ex] \textbf{Morning} & m & 84 & 84m \\ \hline & & & \\ [-2.5ex] \textbf{Afternoon} & a & 70 & 70a \end{array}$$ We are also given that $\frac ma=\frac34,$ which rearranges as $m=\frac34a.$

The mean of the scores of all the students is $$\frac{84m+70a}{m+a}=\frac{84\left(\frac34a\right)+70a}{\frac34a+a}=\frac{133a}{\frac74a}=133\cdot\frac47=\boxed{\textbf{(C)} ~76}.$$ ~MRENTHUSIASM

## Solution 3 (Ratio)

Of the average, $\frac{3}{3+4}=\frac{3}{7}$ of the scores came from the morning class and $\frac{4}{7}$ came from the afternoon class. The average is $\frac{3}{7}\cdot 84+\frac{4}{7}\cdot 70=\boxed{\textbf{(C)} ~76}.$

~Kinglogic

## Solution 4 (Convenient Values)

WLOG, assume there are $3$ students in the morning class and $4$ in the afternoon class. Then the average is $\frac{3\cdot 84 + 4\cdot 70}{7}=\boxed{\textbf{(C)} ~76}.$

~ pi_is_3.14

## Video Solution by TheBeautyofMath

https://youtu.be/GYpAm8v1h-U (for AMC 10B)

https://youtu.be/EMzdnr1nZcE?t=608 (for AMC 12B)

~IceMatrix

~Interstigation

## Video Solution

~Education, the Study of Everything

The problems on this page are copyrighted by the Mathematical Association of America's American Mathematics Competitions. 